Influenza Vaccination: Healthcare Workers Attitude in Three Middle East Countries
ABSTRACT Healthcare workers (HCWs) pose a potential risk of transmitting communicable diseases in the hospital settings where they usually work. This study aims to determine the current influenza vaccination rates among HCWs in three Middle East countries namely United Arab Emirates (UAE), Kuwait and Oman, and also to identify the different variables associated with the noncompliance of HCWs to the recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) set in those countries.
1500 questionnaires were distributed to health care workers in the three countries during the period of July-October 2009.
Among 993 respondents, the vaccination rate was 24.7%, 67.2% and 46.4% in UAE, Kuwait and Oman, respectively. The different motivating factors that influenced the health care workers to take the vaccine was assessed and found that the most common factor that influenced their decision to take the vaccine was for their self protection (59%). On the other hand, the most common reason that discouraged HCWs to take the vaccine was "lack of time" as reported by 31.8% of the respondents. Other reasons for not taking the vaccine were unawareness of vaccine availability (29.4%), unavailability of vaccine (25.4%), doubts about vaccine efficacy (24.9%), lack of information about importance (20.1%) and concerns about its side effects (17.3%).
influenza immunization by healthcare workers in the studied countries was suboptimal which could be improved by setting different interventions and educational programs to increase vaccination acceptance among HCWs.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives Influenza vaccination is recommended to all health care professionals (HCPs). However, vaccination rate among HCPs is low and may be due to uncertainty about the effectiveness of the vaccine and fear of its adverse effects. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the awareness, knowledge, and attitude of HCPs towards influenza vaccination and we ascertain reasons for not getting vaccinated. Method A cross-sectional conducted in 6 major hospitals in Saudi Arabia. 245 anonymous questionnaires were distributed to a convenient sample of staff during the 2012–2013 influenza season. The validated questionnaire consists of five sections that collect information about: demographics, attitude towards influenza vaccination, knowledge about influenza virus and vaccination, current practice and awareness of published guidelines. Results 242 completed questionnaires were received, a response rate of 98%. 38% of HCPs reported getting vaccinated. The most common reasons given by HCPs for not getting vaccinated were: fear of contracting illness (16%), belief that they are not at risk from influenza because they are young and healthy (13%) and being unaware of vaccine availability (13%). Non-availability of vaccine (43%) was the highest barrier for not providing vaccine for patients and HCPs followed by safety concerns for the patients (35%) and the respondents (33%). Almost 75% of HCPs were not aware of the influenza immunization guidelines published by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices and Centre for Disease Control. Conclusion Despite the recommendations, only low percentage of HCPs in Saudi Arabian hospitals is vaccinated against influenza. The attention of health policy makers is needed to improve compliance of HCPs with guidelines on influenza vaccination.Vaccine 09/2014; 32(45). DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.08.061 · 3.49 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Please cite this paper as: Bali NK et al. (2012) Knowledge, attitude, and practices about the seasonal influenza vaccination among healthcare workers in Srinagar, India. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses DOI: 10.1111/j.1750-2659.2012.00416.x. Background Healthcare workers (HCWs) universally have a poor uptake of influenza vaccination. However, no data are available from India. Objective To explore knowledge, attitudes, and practices associated with influenza vaccination in HCWs in a temperate climate area in northern India. Patients and Methods A self-administered questionnaire was offered to all HCWs in three major hospitals of Srinagar and information sought on motivations, perceptions, preferences and practices regarding influenza vaccination. Results Of the 1750 questionnaires received, 1421 (81%) were returned. Only 62 (4·4%) HCWs had ever received influenza vaccination even as 1348 (95%) believed that influenza poses adverse potential consequences for themselves or their contacts; 1144 (81%) were aware of a vaccine against influenza and 830 (58%) of its local availability. Reasons cited by 1359 participants for not being vaccinated included ignorance about vaccine availability (435; 32%), skepticism about efficacy (248; 18%), busy schedule (166; 12%), fear of side effects (70; 4%), and a perception of not being-at-risk (82; 6%). Sixty-one percent (865) believed that vaccine programs are motivated by profit. Eighty-eight percent opined for mandatory vaccination for HCWs caring for the high-risk patients, as a part of 'employee health program'. Most of the participants intended to get vaccinated in the current year even as 684 (48%) held that vaccines could cause unknown illness and 444 (31%) believed their adverse effects to be underreported. Conclusion Influenza vaccination coverage among HCWs is dismally low in Srinagar; poor knowledge of vaccine availability and misperceptions about vaccine effectiveness, fear of adverse effects and obliviousness to being-at-risk being important barriers. Multifaceted, adaptable measures need to be invoked urgently to increase the coverage.Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses 08/2012; 7(4). DOI:10.1111/j.1750-2659.2012.00416.x · 1.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Because information on biological agents in the workplace is lacking, biological hazard analyses at the workplace to securely recognize the harmful factors with biological basis are desperately needed. This review concentrates on literatures published after 2010 that attempted to detect biological hazards to humans, especially workers, and the efforts to protect them against these factors. It is important to improve the current understanding of the health hazards caused by biological factors at the workplace. In addition, this review briefly describes these factors and provides some examples of their adverse health effects. It also reviews risk assessments, protection with personal protective equipment, prevention with training of workers, regulations, as well as vaccinations.06/2014; 5(2):43-52. DOI:10.1016/j.shaw.2014.03.006