P-wave dispersion between transcatheter and surgical closure of secundum-type atrial septal defect in childhood

Clinic of Pediatric Cardiology, Gaziantep University Medical Faculty, Gaziantep, Turkey.
Cardiology in the Young (Impact Factor: 0.86). 10/2010; 21(1):15-8. DOI: 10.1017/S1047951110001307
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Patients with atrial septal defect have an increased risk for atrial fibrillation. Increased P-wave dispersion predicts the development of atrial fibrillation. The aim of this study was to determine difference in P dispersion between transcatheter closure with Amplatzer septal occluder and surgical closure in childhood. A total of 68 children (the mean age was 7.2 plus or minus 3.3 years; the mean secundum atrial septal defects diameter was 17.3 plus or minus 5.4 millimetres) were evaluated in this study. Transcatheter closure was attempted in 41 children with secundum atrial septal defects, and the defect in 27 patients was closed by surgical techniques. P maximum, P minimum and P dispersion were measured by the 12-lead surface electrocardiography. P maximum, P minimum and P dispersion were found to be similar in patients with pre- and post-procedure (98.0 plus or minus 19.3 versus 95.1 plus or minus 23.0 milliseconds; 68.0 plus or minus 20.8 versus 67.6 plus or minus 24.3 milliseconds, 29.9 plus or minus 11.0 versus 27.1 plus or minus 12.1 milliseconds, respectively). There was no statistical significance in the comparison of P dispersion between the two groups. But in the surgical group, P-wave dispersion was decreased more significantly compared with baseline values (p-value equal to 0.03). In conclusion, there is no P dispersion between transcatheter closure with Amplatzer septal occluder and surgical closure of secundum atrial septal defect.

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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to determine the frequency of postintervention arrhythmia and factors associated with the development of arrhythmia, including the correlation between arrhythmia and P-wave dispersion, and the effects of the latter on transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs). Holter ECG recordings were performed before and after the intervention and 6 and 12 months later in 47 of the 59 patients who had undergone transcatheter ASD closure and once in the healthy control subjects. A statistically significant correlation was identified between the patients' arrhythmia grade according to Lown's system and each of the following: the number of defects, the size of the atrioventricular valve rim, the presence of an atrial septal aneurysm. The frequency of arrhythmia increases after transcatheter ASD closure, gradually decreases within the next year, and is most frequently of a benign nature. Lown's arrhythmia grading of patients occluded with either the Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO) or the Cardio-O-Fix septal occluder (CSO) were compared, and the arrhythmia frequency was higher with the latter. One day after the intervention, the P maximum (Pmax ) and the P dispersion(Pdis ) values were not increased but in fact slightly reduced in patients occluded with either ASO or CSO. An improvement in the electrical system resulting from early anatomical and mechanical healing following transcatheter ASD occlusion may explain the reduction in the Pmax and Pdis values.
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    ABSTRACT: Aims Atrial septal defect (ASD) is one of the most common congenital heart diseases in adults. We prospectively evaluated early and mid-term effects of the percutaneous closure of secundum ASD on atrial electromechanical delay (AEMD) and left atrial (LA) mechanical functions at the first day and sixth month in patients undergoing percutaneous closure. Methods and results Forty-one patients were included in this study. Twenty-six (63.4%) of the 41 patients were female and the mean age was 41 +/- 13 years. All the patients had echocardiographic examination before the procedure and at the first day and sixth month after the procedure. LA volumes (maximal, minimal, and presystolic) and EMD (lateral, septal, and tricuspid) were measured. Left and right intra- and inter-AEMD were not changed at the first day but both were significantly shorter at the sixth month. There was no change in the total emptying volume and fraction before and after the procedure. LA maximal, minimal, and pre-systolic volumes, active emptying volume, and fractions were decreased at the first day and at the sixth month compared with pre-procedural volumes. LA passive emptying volume, passive emptying fraction, and conduit volume were increased at the first day and at the sixth month compared with pre-procedural volumes. Conclusion Our results revealed that there was no change in the LA mechanical reservoir functions, but improved conduit function and impaired contractility functions early and in the mid-term after percutaneous closure of ASD and decreased AEMD only in the mid-term.
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    ABSTRACT: To determine in paediatric patients with atrial septal defects whether differences in P wave dispersion occurred with transcatheter closures using the Amplatzer septal occluder.