Accumulation of CD1a-positive Langerhans cells and mast cells in actinic cheilitis

Department of Oral Pathology, Laboratory of Oral Surgical Pathology, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.
Journal of molecular histology (Impact Factor: 1.82). 10/2010; 41(6):357-65. DOI: 10.1007/s10735-010-9297-z
Source: PubMed


LCs and MCs are known to be directly influenced by UV radiation. This study investigated the presence of Langerhans cells (LCs) and mast cells (MCs) in actinic cheilitis (AC) exhibiting epithelial dysplasia (ED). Using immunohistochemistry for CD1a and mast cell tryptase, LCs and MCs density was assessed in 35 cases of AC with different degrees of ED. LCs were found in 32 cases of AC whereas MCs were found in all cases. There was an increase in LCs density irrespective of degree of ED when the cases were compared to normal lip mucosa (P = 0.04343). No statistical difference in LCs density was observed regarding the different degrees of dysplasia (P > 0.05). Significant difference in MCs density between mild and moderate dysplasia and normal lip mucosa was found (P < 0.05). No significant correlation between LCs and MCs was seen (P = 0.1258). Although no correlation could be established between LCs and MCs and the different degrees of ED; it is possible that the accumulation of LCs plays an immunostimulatory and protective role in the defense against progression of dysplasia. Further studies are necessary to determine the role of MCs in the development of AC.

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    • "Histologically, the superficial lamina propia presents extensive basophilic degeneration of collagen (Cavalcante et al., 2008; dos Santos et al., 2003; Markopoulos et al., 2004; Martinez et al., 2005; Rojas et al., 2004). Among other findings, the epithelial lining may display varying degrees of dysplasia ranging from a mild change to carcinoma in situ, and even invasive carcinoma (Araújo et al., 2010; Cavalcante et al.; da Silva et al., 2007; dos Santos et al.; Markopoulos et al.; Xavier et al., 2009). "

    International Journal of Morphology 06/2012; 30(2):627-633. DOI:10.4067/S0717-95022012000200044 · 0.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the density of mast cells and microvessels in minor salivary gland tumors. Forty-one cases of minor salivary gland tumors (pleomorphic adenoma, n = 10; adenoid cystic carcinoma, n = 11; mucoepidermoid carcinoma, n = 10; and polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma) were investigated using immunohistochemistry for mast cell tryptase and von-Willebrand factor. Density of mast cells was higher in mucoepidermoid carcinoma; however, no differences in the number of these cells were observed between the different types of tumors (p > 0.05). The number of mast cells was higher in periparenchymal areas in all tumors, but the difference was not significant (p > 0.05). Mucoepidermoid carcinoma showed the largest number of periparenchymal mast cells, whereas pleomorphic adenomas showed the smallest number of intraparenchymal mast cells (p > 0.05). The highest microvessel density was observed in mucoepidermoid carcinomas, being this difference statistically significant when mucoepidermoid carcinoma was compared to pleomorphic adenoma (p = 0.0034) and polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (p = 0.004). Microvessel density was significantly higher in adenoid cystic carcinoma when compared to pleomorphic adenoma (p = 0.0406) and polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (p = 0.0123). Comparison of mast cells and microvessel densities showed no significant difference between tumors. A quantitative difference in mast cells and microvessels was observed, particularly in mucoepidermoid carcinoma, a finding supporting the aggressive behavior of malignant salivary gland tumors without myoepithelial differentiation. Further studies are needed to determine the role of mast cells in angiogenesis, as well as in the development and biological behavior of these tumors.
    Tumor Biology 10/2012; 34(1). DOI:10.1007/s13277-012-0552-7 · 3.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epithelial changes observed in actinic cheilitis (AC) and lower lip squamous cell carcinoma (LLSCC) have been studied using different markers in order to observe diagnostic and prognostic factors for both lesions. The aim of the present study was to analyze Ki-67, TGF-β1, and elastin content in AC and LLSCC to determine the possible role of these proteins in lip carcinogenesis. Medical records of 29 cases of AC and 53 cases of LLSCC were analyzed. Lesions were classified according histological pattern and submitted to immunostaining for Ki-67, TGF-β1, and elastin. Different percentages of Ki-67-positive cells were found in AC depending on the degree of epithelial dysplasia (p < 0.01). An association was also found between the percentage of Ki-67-positive cells and tumor grade in LLSCC (p < 0.01). An inverse correlation was found between Ki-67 and TGF-β1 in AC and LLSCC (p < 0.01). Elastosis was thinner and more discontinuous in LLSCC in comparison to AC, and this difference in the elastin immunolabeling pattern was statistically significant between groups (p < 0.01). The present findings indicate that changes in Ki-67 and TGF-β1 content contribute to lip carcinogenesis. Furthermore, elastin content reflects changes in the extracellular matrix in both AC and LLSCC.
    Tumor Biology 05/2014; 35(8). DOI:10.1007/s13277-014-1989-7 · 3.61 Impact Factor

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