Article

Platinum-free tungsten carbides as an efficient counter electrode for dye sensitized solar cells.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang, Korea.
Chemical Communications (Impact Factor: 6.38). 10/2010; 46(45):8600-2. DOI: 10.1039/c0cc02247k
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Mesoporous tungsten carbides displayed an excellent solar conversion efficiency (7.01%) as a counter electrode for dye sensitized solar cells under 100 mW cm(-2), AM 1.5G illumination, which corresponded to ca. 85% of the efficiency of the conventional platinum electrode.

1 Bookmark
 · 
147 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Controlling over ordered porosity by self-assembly is challenging in the area of materials science. Materials with highly ordered aperture are favorable candidates in catalysis and energy conversion device. Here we describe a facile process to synthesize highly ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC) by direct tri-constituent co-assembly method, which uses resols as the carbon precursor, tri-block copolymer F127 as the soft template and tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) as the inorganic precursor. The obtained products are characterized by small-angle X-ray diffraction (SAXD), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) nitrogen sorption-desorption measurement and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The results indicate that the OMC possesses high surface areas of 1209 m(2) g(-1), homogeneous pore size of 4.6 nm and a large pore volume of 1.65 cm(3) g(-1). The advantages of high electrochemical active surface area and favorable accessible porosity of OMC benefit the catalysis of I(3)(-) to I(-). As a result, the OMC counter electrode displays a remarkable property when it was applied in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). For comparison, carbon black (CB) counter electrode and Pt counter electrode have also been prepared. When these different counter electrodes were applied for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), the power-conversion efficiency (η) of the DSSCs with CB counter electrode are measured to be 5.10%, whereas the corresponding values is 6.39% for the DSSC with OMC counter electrode, which is comparable to 6.84% of the cell with Pt counter electrode under the same experimental conditions.
    Nanoscale 11/2012; · 6.73 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Molybdenum sulfide (MoS(2)) and tungsten sulfide (WS(2)) are proposed as counter electrode (CE) catalysts in a I(3)(-)/I(-) and T(2)/T(-) based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) system. The I(3)(-)/I(-) based DSCs using MoS(2) and WS(2) CEs achieved power conversion efficiencies of 7.59% and 7.73%, respectively.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 11/2011; 13(43):19298-301. · 4.20 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) devices incorporating organic and inorganic materials have found a host of applications. The search for low-cost, high efficient and flexible devices has lead to a remarkable increase in the research and development of solar cell. The current review, describes the constitution components of DSSC in a detailed manner and their development and challenges are also discussed. We focused on various structural modifications in wide band gap nanocrystalline semiconductor materials for an efficient electron transfer to reduce the recombination rate. Fruitful attempts have been made to design new molecular dyes for the wide range of absorption in the visible region. Co-Sensitization is an appropriate technique to enhance the absorption range of dye molecules and to increase the efficiency of solar cell. Moreover hole transport materials, there are the efficient tool to replace redox couple based liquid electrolyte and it produce stable solid state DSSC. The successful modification of counter electrode with different morphology promotes the rate electron transfer into electrolyte. This review also covers the update technology to construct efficient, stable and flexible dye sensitized solar cell.
    Materials Science Forum 05/2014; 771:1-24.