Moving toward DSM-5: The field trials

Commentary accepted for publication July 2010.
American Journal of Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 12.3). 10/2010; 167(10):1158-60. DOI: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2010.10070962
Source: PubMed


The purpose of successive DSM revisions is to incorporate the growing knowledge base about mental disorders into diagnosis and to bring diagnostic criteria ever closer to accurate and precise identification of corresponding disorders (5). However, this goal must be accomplished while maintaining the clinical utility of the diagnostic criteria for purposes of ready, reliable, and valid use by both clinicians and researchers for prevention, early identification, and treatment. Field trials are the first real-world, empirical test of the success of these efforts in clinical settings.

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    • "Os fatores distais ou sociais são relativos às condições ambientais básicas , como região de moradia, nutrição, violência urbana, acesso a cuidados básicos de saúde e saneamento básico. Fatores de risco geralmente são compreendidos como a presença de uma característica , ação, evento, ou experiência que aumenta a probabilidade da ocorrência de um problema, ou de consequências adversas para o desenvolvimento ou funcionamento psicológico/social (Assis, Avanci, & Oliveira, 2009; Gomide, Salvo , Pinheiro, & Sabag, 2005; Grant et al., 2006; Kraemer et al., 2010). Sabe-se que alguns desses fatores estão relacionados à características individuais , enquanto outros ao seu meio microssocial e outros, ainda, a condições estruturais e socioculturais mais amplas (Zweig, Phillips, & Lindberg, 2002). "

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