The antiplasmodial activity of norcantharidin analogs

USDA, ARS, Natural Products Utilization Research Unit, University, MS 38677, USA.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters (Impact Factor: 2.33). 09/2010; 20(22):6688-95. DOI: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.09.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The antiplasmodial activities of sixty norcantharidin analogs were tested in vitro against a chloroquine sensitive (D6, Sierra Leone) and chloroquine resistant (W2) strains of Plasmodium falciparum. Forty analogs returned IC(50) values <500 μM against at least one of the P. falciparum strains examined. The ring open compound 24 ((1S,4R)-3-(allylcarbamoyl)-7-oxabicyclo[2.2.1]heptane-2-carboxylic acid) is the most active aliphatic analog (D6 IC(50)=3.0±0.0 and W2 IC(50)=3.0±0.8 μM) with a 20-fold enhancement relative to norcantharidin. Surprisingly, seven norcantharimides also displayed good antiplasmodial activity with the most potent, 5 returning D6=8.9±0.9 and W2 IC(50)=12.5±2.2 μM, representing a fivefold enhancement over norcantharidin.

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