Melatonin, an endogenous circadian regulator, also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidative effect of melatonin in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Patients were randomized to receive 10 mg melatonin or placebo during surgery. Blood samples for analysis of malondialdehyde (MDA), ascorbic acid (AA), total ascorbic acid (TAA) dehydroascorbic acid (DHA) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were collected pre-operatively and at 5 min, 6 h and 24 h after operation.
Twenty patients received melatonin and 21 patients received placebo during surgery. No significant differences were observed between the groups in the oxidative stress variables MDA, TAA, AA and DHA or in the inflammatory variable CRP (repeated-measures ANOVA, P>0.05 for all variables).
Administration of 10 mg melatonin did not reduce variables of oxidative stress in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
"AA, DHA and TAA were stabilized with 10% meta-phosphoric acid containing 2 mM disodium EDTA before storage. Both MDA and AA were analysed using a high pressure liquid chromatograph method as described previously , . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Circadian variation in bodily functions has been shown to impact health in acute and chronic medical conditions. Little is known about the relationship between circadian rhythm and sepsis in humans. We aimed to investigate circadian variations in the host response in a human endotoxaemia model.
A cross-over study, where 12 healthy young men received E. coli endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) 0.3 ng/kg at 12 noon and, on another day, at 12 midnight. Blood samples were analysed for pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines: tumour-necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, soluble TNF receptors (sTNF-R)-1 and -2, interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), IL-6, and IL-10 as well as YKL-40 and the oxidative stress markers malondialdehyde (MDA), ascorbic acid (AA) and dehydroascorbic acid (DHA) before and at 2, 4, 6 and 8 hours after LPS administration.
The levels of MDA and IL-10 where significantly higher during the day time (P<0.05) whereas levels of TNF-alpha, sTNF-RI, sTNF-RII, IL-1Ra, IL-6, and YKL-40 were higher (P<0.01 for all comparisons) during the night time. No significant differences were seen in the levels of AA and DHA.
A day-night difference in the acute phase response to endotoxaemia exists in healthy volunteers with a more pronounced inflammatory response during the night time. This circadian difference in the response to endotoxaemia may play an important role in the clinical setting and should be investigated further.
PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e87413. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0087413 · 3.23 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This systematic review aims to synthesize the data on the effectiveness of pharmacological modulation of stress response in minimally invasive surgery. Eligible trials were clinical trials randomized or not or experimental trials that investigated the effect of pharmacological agents on modulation of surgical stress response to minimally invasive surgery. No clinical trials were identified. Eight experimental trials met the inclusion criteria and were obtained in full text. Experimental models were rats or rabbits subjected to pneumoperitoneum, or pneumoretroperitoneum, not to a whole operation. Pharmacological modulation of surgical stress response was attempted with erythromycin, melatonin, mesna, verapamil, pentoxifylline, N-acetylcysteine, and zinc. All the pharmacological agents, except pentoxifylline, seemed to reduce oxidative stress markers. However, only mesna pretreatment prevented oxidative stress, because oxidative stress markers remained in the sham levels. Contrasting data were obtained for pentoxyphilline. In conclusion, available data suggest that pharmacological modulation of surgical stress response to minimally invasive surgery might be feasible.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Surgery is accompanied by a surgical stress response, which results in increased morbidity and mortality. Oxidative stress is a part of the surgical stress response. Minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery may result in reduced oxidative stress compared with open surgery. Nineteen patients scheduled for sigmoid resection were randomly allocated to open or laparoscopic sigmoid resection in a double-blind, prospective clinical trial. Three biochemical markers of oxidative stress (malondialdehyde, ascorbic acid, and dehydroascorbic acid) were measured at 6 different time points (preoperatively, 1 h, 6 h, 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h postoperatively). There were no statistical significant differences between laparoscopic and open surgery for any of the 3 oxidative stress parameters. Malondialdehyde was reduced 1 hour postoperatively (P<0.001) for all 19 patients. There was a significant drop in ascorbic acid at 1 hour and 6 hours after the first abdominal incision (P=0.002) for all 19 patients. Laparoscopic surgery was not found to be associated with reduced oxidative stress.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.