Exogenous incorporation of neugc-rich mucin augments n-glycolyl sialic acid content and promotes malignant phenotype in mouse tumor cell lines

Laboratory of Molecular Oncology, Quilmes National University, (Roque Saenz Peña 352), Bernal, (B1876BXD), Argentina.
Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research (Impact Factor: 3.27). 12/2009; 28(1). DOI: 10.1186/1756-9966-28-146
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Humans, in contrast to other mammals, do not synthesize N-glycolyl-neuraminic acid (Neu5Gc) due to a deletion in the gene (cmah) encoding the enzyme responsible for this conversion, the cytidine monophospho-N-acetyl-neuraminic acid hydroxylase (CMP-Neu5Ac hydroxylase). The detection of considerable amounts of Neu5Gc-sialoconjugates, in particular gangliosides, in human malignancies makes these antigens attractive targets for immunotherapy, in particular with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). We have previously described a GM3(Neu5Gc) ganglioside-specific mAb, named 14F7, with the ability to kill tumor cells in a complement-independent manner. Silencing the cmah gene in GM3(Neu5Gc)-expressing L1210 mouse lymphocytic leukemia B cells caused the abrogation of this cytotoxic effect. We now show that cmah-silenced L1210 cells (cmah-kd) express a high level of GM3(Neu5Ac) and have an impaired ability for anchorage-independent cell growth and tumor development in vivo. No evidences of increased immunogenicity of the cmah-kd cell line were found. These results provide new evidences on the role of GM3(Neu5Gc), or Neu5Gc-sialoconjugates in general, in tumor biology. As an important tool in this study, we used the humanized version (here referred to as 7C1 mAb) of a recently described, rationally-designed mutant of 14F7 mAb that is able to bind to both GM3(Neu5Gc) and GM3(Neu5Ac). In contrast to its parental antibody, the humanized 14F7 (14F7hT) mAb, 7C1 mAb was able to kill not only GM3(Neu5Gc)-expressing L1210 wild type cells, but also GM3(Neu5Ac)-expressing cmah-kd cells, which endorses this antibody as a potential agent for cancer immunotherapy.
    Glycoconjugate Journal 04/2013; 30(7). · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In addition to alterations concerning the expression of oncogenes and onco-suppressors, melanoma is characterized by the presence of distinctive gangliosides (sialic acid carrying glycosphingolipids). Gangliosides strongly control cell surface dynamics and signaling; therefore, it could be assumed that these alterations are linked to modifications of cell behavior acquired by the tumor. On these bases, this work investigated the correlations between melanoma cell ganglioside metabolism profiles and the biological features of the tumor and the survival of patients.
    BMC Cancer 08/2014; 14(1):560. · 3.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The melanin granules are synthesized in melanocytes in the epidermal basal layer and the hair matrix. For the effective passage of melanin granules to the adjacent keratinocytes, melanocytes utilize unique cytoplasmic delivery system in which cytoskeletal network is prominently involved. Here, we show that the t-SNARE protein syntaxin3, a member of a family of key mediators of the cytoplasmic vesicle fusion and potent modulators of cytoskeletal dynamics, dramatically affects melanocyte cell behavior. Although plasmalemmal syntaxin3 has been detected also on the melanosomes of normal human melanocytes, we noticed that mouse melanoma B16 cells had completely lost endogenous syntaxin3. In response to the forcible expression of syntaxin3, B16 cells formed well-developed dendritic filopodia and accumulated melanin granules in the cytoplasm. We found that exogenous syntaxin3 was not expressed at the plasma membrane, but rather, localized with non-fibrous F-actin and melanin-packed melanosomes in the cytoplasm, by which the assembly/polymerization of actin was dramatically impacted and the melanosome secretion was severely suppressed. The syntaxin3-triggered phenotypic changes were also induced by a syntaxin3 mutant lacking SNARE and transmembrane domains, and they were completely reverted by the subsequent knockdown of exogenous syntaxin3. This t-SNARE protein may act as a regulator of the actin dynamics, rather than a direct vesicle fusion mediator, to determine the fundamental properties of melanocytes.
    Cell Structure and Function 04/2013; · 2.35 Impact Factor


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