ClONO2 was observed in high-resolution infrared emission spectra obtained on Nov. 6, 1984, by a balloon-borne Fourier spectrometer. The observations took place near 0300 LT at a latitude of 35 N. Spectral simulations are used to determine the mixing ratios of ClONO2. This analysis incorporates line by line calculations and new ClONO2 cross sections measured in the laboratory at 223 K. The inferred mixing ratios of ClONO2 are 1.3 + or - 0.45 ppb and 0.98 + or - 0.35 ppb at 14 and 34 mbar. One-dimensional photochemical model predictions are compared to the observations. The ClONO2 mixing ratio at 34 mbar appears to be larger than theory, while there is agreement at 14 mbar.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A description and summary of the latest edition of the AFGL HITRAN molecular absorption parameters database are presented. This new database combines the information for the seven principal atmospheric absorbers and twenty-one additional molecular species previously contained on the AFGL atmospheric absorption line parameter compilation and on the trace gas compilation. In addition to updating the parameters on earlier editions of the compilation, new parameters have been added to this edition such as the self-broadened halfwidth, the temperature dependence of the air-broadened halfwidth, and the transition probability. The database contains 348043 entries between 0 and 17,900 cm(-1). A FORTRAN program is now furnished to allow rapid access to the molecular transitions and for the creation of customized output. A separate file of molecular cross sections of eleven heavy molecular species, applicable for qualitative simulation of transmission and emission in the atmosphere, has also been provided.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The mixing ratio profile of N2O5 has been inferred from high-resolution emission spectra obtained with a balloon-borne Fourier spectrometer. The observations were taken for the period from midnight to predawn on September 16, 1986 at 32 deg N latitude. The inferred volume mixing ratio from nighttime average spectra has a peak of about 1.8 x 10 to the -9th in the 32-35 altitude range. The inferred mixing ratio is generally less than the theoretical predictions from a one-dimensional model.
Geophysical Research Letters 11/1988; 15(11). DOI:10.1029/GL015i011p01177 · 4.20 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A cryogenic Fourier transform spectrometer has been built to measure thermal emission of the earth's limb from a balloon-borne platform. Liquid nitrogen cooling of the spectrometer and liquid helium cooling of the detectors has provided sufficient sensitivity to detect, at 5-15 microm, fifteen molecular species relevant to stratospheric ozone chemistry. The spectral resolution achieved, 0.022 cm(-1), is the best yet attained for emission mode data at these wavelengths. The philosophy behind the design of the optical and electronic systems is presented, followed by an analysis of the performance achieved during balloon flight.
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