Total knee replacement with intra-articular resection of bone after malunion of a femoral fracture CAN SAGITTAL ANGULATION BE CORRECTED?
ABSTRACT Intra-articular resection of bone with soft-tissue balancing and total knee replacement (TKR) has been described for the treatment of patients with severe osteoarthritis of the knee associated with an ipsilateral malunited femoral fracture. However, the extent to which deformity in the sagittal plane can be corrected has not been addressed. We treated 12 patients with severe arthritis of the knee and an extra-articular malunion of the femur by TKR with intra-articular resection of bone and soft-tissue balancing. The femora had a mean varus deformity of 16° (8° to 23°) in the coronal plane. There were seven recurvatum deformities with a mean angulation of 11° (6° to 15°) and five antecurvatum deformities with a mean angulation of 12° (6° to 15°). The mean follow-up was 93 months (30 to 155). The median Knee Society knee and function scores improved from 18.7 (0 to 49) and 24.5 (10 to 50) points pre-operatively to 93 (83 to 100) and 90 (70 to 100) points at the time of the last follow-up, respectively. The mean mechanical axis of the knee improved from 22.6° of varus (15° to 27° pre-operatively to 1.5° of varus (3° of varus to 2° of valgus) at the last follow-up. The recurvatum deformities improved from a mean of 11° (6° to 15°) pre-operatively to 3° (0° to 6°) at the last follow-up. The antecurvatum deformities in the sagittal plane improved from a mean of 12° (6° to 16°) pre-operatively to 4.4° (0° to 8°) at the last follow-up. Apart from varus deformities, TKR with intra-articular bone resection effectively corrected the extra-articular deformity of the femur in the presence of antecurvatum of up to 16° and recurvatum of up to 15°.
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ABSTRACT: Marked coronal femoral bowing may bear a risk for mal-alignment of femoral component and reconstructed mechanical axis (MA) by using conventional instrumentations. The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of computer-assisted surgery-total knee arthroplasty (CAS-TKA) under this circumstance.Knee Surgery Sports Traumatology Arthroscopy 10/2014; DOI:10.1007/s00167-014-3331-8 · 2.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to assess the results of treating knee osteoarthrosis with total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after previous tibia and/or femur fractures resulting in axial limb deformities. Thirty-six knees (34 patients) were operated on. At the most recent follow-up, 4.8 years after surgery, all but one patient demonstrated an improvement in both clinical and functional KSS. This male patient required revision after 2 years due to tibial component aseptic loosening. Improved range of motion was generally noted, especially extension, however, two patients with both tibia and femur fractures had worse results. TKA is an effective method of treatment for patients with arthrosis after a previous femur or tibia fractures. When deformity is severe semi-constrained or constrained, implants with extensions may be necessary.The Journal of Arthroplasty 11/2014; 29(11). DOI:10.1016/j.arth.2014.07.007 · 2.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background Mechanical alignment guides are designed to compensate for variations in the valgus alignment angle; however, these guides may not be adequate when a patient has coronal alignment with marked bowing deformity. Previous study demonstrates better radiographic results, but the clinical benefits are a matter of speculation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether radiographic benefits of computer-assisted surgery total knee arthroplasty (CAS-TKA) would translate to clinical outcomes.Methods Patients with osteoarthritis and coronal alignment with marked bowing deformity who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) at our institution between January 2005 and June 2012 were entered into this retrospective study. Patients were divided into three groups: patients with coronal alignment with marked bowing deformity treated with CAS-TKA; with coronal alignment with marked bowing deformity treated with conventional TKA; and without marked coronal bowing deformity treated with conventional TKA. The computer-assisted navigation and the conventional technique were then compared by radiographic parameters. The International Knee Society (IKS) scores and patellar score were obtained for all patients preoperatively and at the last follow-up visit.ResultsOne hundred and thirty-seven patients (198 knees) met the inclusion criteria. For patients with osteoarthritic knees with marked femoral bowing deformity, the reconstructed mechanical axis (MA) was significantly closer to normal in the CAS-TKA group (P = 0.002) than in the conventional group. Significant differences in the reconstructed MA after conventional TKA were noted between patients without bowing and those with bowing (P = 0.003). Using the patellar score and IKS score, at a mean follow-up of 52.2 months, the differences did not achieve statistical significance among the three groups.ConclusionsCAS-TKA was an effective alternative for obtaining proper alignment in patients with coronal alignment with marked bowing deformity. However, there was no statistically significant difference in clinical function between patients treated with CAS-TKA and conventional TKA. Long-term follow-up will be needed to determine if the improvement in radiographic results translates to better clinical outcomes.Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research 12/2014; 9(1):122. DOI:10.1186/s13018-014-0122-3 · 1.58 Impact Factor