Identification of Crystalline Minerals in Volcanic Alteration Products and Applications to the Surface of Mars
ABSTRACT Visible, infrared and Mossbauer spectra have been measured for fine-grained alteration products of volcanic tephra and ash. Comparison of the spectral and chemical properties for different size separates and related samples provides information about the crystalline materials in these samples and how they may have formed. Hydrothermal processes can increase the alteration rates of the primary minerals and glass and provide S, Fe and/or water for formation of sulfates and hydrated minerals. Identification of crystalline alteration minerals on Mars may indicate hydrothermal alteration and sites of interesting geologic processes.