Regulatory T-cell number is increased in chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients and correlates with progressive disease.
ABSTRACT Regulatory T-cells (Treg) actively maintain immunological self-tolerance and play a significant role in the progression of cancer. Treg cell numbers have been evaluated in 80 patients with previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and in 40 normal healthy volunteers. Treg cells are higher in CLL patients than in controls and correlate with disease status (more advanced clinical stage, peripheral blood B-cell lymphocytosis, absolute CD38+ B-cell number, and more elevated LDH levels). No correlation was found with ZAP-70 expression, IgVH mutational status and cytogenetic abnormalities. This data shows that Treg cell number is abnormal in CLL patients.
Article: Targeting the microenvironment in chronic lymphocytic leukemia offers novel therapeutic options.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells display features consistent with a defect in apoptosis and exhibit prolonged survival in vivo. Survival of these malignant cells is influenced by interactions with non-leukemic cells located in permissive niches in lymphoid organs. Leukemic cells subvert the normal architecture of the lymphoid organs, recruiting stromal cells, dendritic cells and T lymphocytes, all reported as playing active roles in the survival and proliferation of CLL. The same survival-promoting environment also rescues/protects leukemic cells from cytotoxic therapies, giving way to disease relapse. This review summarizes and discusses current knowledge about the intricate network of soluble and cell-bound signals regulating the life and death of CLL cells in different districts. At the same time, it seeks to hone in on which discrete molecular elements are best suited as targets for treating this still incurable disease.Cancer letters 08/2012; · 4.86 Impact Factor
Article: Increased Frequency of CD8(+) and CD4(+) Regulatory T Cells in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Association With Disease Progression.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Little is known regarding the immunobiology of regulatory T (Treg) cells in hematopoietic malignancies, particularly in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). In the present study, we showed that the frequencies of CD8(+) and CD4(+) Treg cells were significantly increased in progressive as compared with indolent CLL patients and normal subjects. Enriched CD4(+) Treg cells induced a similar level of inhibition in polyclonally activated B cells and effector T cells from CLL patients and normal subjects. Our results suggest that the increase in circulating Treg cells may result in downregulation of tumor-specific immune response, leading to tumor expansion and disease progression.Cancer Investigation 01/2013; · 1.85 Impact Factor
Dataset: Increased Frequency of CD8