Sublobar Resection A Movement from the Lung Cancer Study Group

Department of Surgery, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.
Journal of thoracic oncology: official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.8). 10/2010; 5(10):1583-93. DOI: 10.1097/JTO.0b013e3181e77604
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The 1995 Lung Cancer Study Group consensus recommending lobectomy for stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has directed lung cancer resections since its publication. However, enhancements in imaging technology over the last decade have produced larger cohorts of patients presenting with localized, early-stage disease. Today, multislice computer tomography is widely available, capable of detecting NSCLC at smaller sizes, with improved spatial resolution, and is used in screening programs for high-risk individuals. Furthermore, the maturation of minimally invasive surgical resection (video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery) has reduced perioperative morbidity and mortality, improved postoperative lung function, and demonstrated equivalent oncologic effectiveness to open surgery. The mandatory use of lobectomy for patients with small stage IA NSCLC is now being challenged. Numerous single-institution trials have demonstrated that well-selected use of sublobar resection can afford comparable survival and recurrence rates to lobectomy, particularly in high-risk patients. Currently, a prospective, randomized multi-institutional phase III trial is being conducted by the Cancer and Lymphoma Group B (CALGB 140503) to determine whether patients with small (< or =2 cm) peripheral NSCLC tumors can safely undergo sublobar resection while maintaining rates of survival and recurrence that are comparable to lobectomy. This review summarizes the literature from the past 15 years to assist in applying those conclusions to future research innovation.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In 2011, a new histologic classification of lung adenocarcinomas was proposed from a joint working group of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC), American Thoracic Society (ATS), and European Respiratory Society (ERS), based on the recommendation of an international and multidisciplinary panel. This classification proposed a method of comprehensive histologic subtyping (lepidic, acinar, papillary, micropapillary, and solid pattern) based on semi-quantitative assessment of histologic patterns (in 5% increments) with the ultimate goal of choosing a single, predominant pattern. Prognostic subsets could then be described for the classification. Patients with completely resected adenocarcinomas in situ (AIS) and minimally invasive adenocarcinomas (MIA) experienced low risk of recurrence. Patients with micropapillary or solid predominant tumors have a high risk for recurrence or cancer-related death. Patients with acinar and papillary predominant tumors comprise an intermediate-risk group. Herein, we review the outline of the proposed IASLC/ATS/ERS classification, a summary of published validation studies of this new classification and then discuss surgical key issues; we mainly focused on limited resection as an adequate treatment for early-stage lung adenocarcinomas as well as pre- and intraoperative diagnoses. We also review the published studies that identified the importance of histological subtypes in predicting recurrence, both rates and patterns, in early-stage lung adenocarcinomas. This new classification for the most common type of lung cancer is useful for surgeons, as its implementation would require only hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) histology slides, which is the common type of stain used in hospitals. It can be implemented with routine pathology evaluation and with no additional costs.
    Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 01/2014; DOI:10.1053/j.semtcvs.2014.09.002
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Since the 1995 report of the prospective randomized trial of lobectomy versus sublobar resection for stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) performed by the the Lung Cancer Study Group, lobectomy remains the standard of care for the surgical management of stage I NSCLC. Sublobar resection has been typically used for high-risk patients who are operative candidates but for whom a lobectomy is contraindicated. Recent advances in imaging and staging modalities and improved spatial resolution of computed tomography (CT) scan have refined the presentation and diagnosis of early-stage NSCLC. The detection of small tumors and ground-glass opacity (GGO) appearance associated with a favorable histology have led to the increased use of sublobar resection in many institutes to include good-risk patients. There is an increasing body of evidence that sublobar resection may achieve oncological outcomes similar to those with lobectomy in early-stage NSCLC, especially that 2 cm or less in size. However, whether or not sublobar resection constitutes adequate treatment for small-sized lung cancer or for the radiographic "early" lung cancer such as a GGO-dominant lesion is still being prospectively investigated. Sublobar resection will be expected to play an important role as a primary treatment option for patients with small stage IA NSCLC, based on an anatomical functional advantage over lobectomy as well as comparable prognostic outcomes between sublobar resection and lobectomy.
    06/2014; 3(3):164-72. DOI:10.3978/j.issn.2218-6751.2014.06.11
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sublobar resection for lung cancer–whether non-anatomic wedge resection or anatomic segmentectomy–has emerged as a credible alternative to lobectomy for the surgical treatment of selected patients with lung cancer. Sublobar resection promises to cause less pulmonary compromise in such patients. Emerging evidence suggests that sublobar resection may offer survival outcomes approaching that of lobectomy for lung cancer patients whose disease meets the following criteria: stage IA disease only; tumor up to 2-3 cm diameter; peripheral location of tumor in the lung; and predominantly ground-glass (non-solid) appearance on CT imaging. The best results are obtained with segmentectomy (as opposed to wedge resection) and complete lymph node dissection. Nevertheless, the evidence is currently still limited, and the above criteria are met only in a minority of patients. Large randomized trials are underway to define the clinical role of sublobar resections, and results are eagerly anticipated. Until that time, lobectomy should still be regarded as the mainstay of surgical therapy for patients with early stage lung cancer at present.
    Lung Cancer 09/2014; 86(2). DOI:10.1016/j.lungcan.2014.09.004 · 3.74 Impact Factor

Similar Publications