Effect of fumonisin B1 on rat hepatic P450 system
ABSTRACT The effects of the mycotoxin fumonisin B1 (FB1) on the hepatic cytochrome P450 system were investigated in male rats dosed daily by oral gavage with 3 mg FB1 per kg body weight for 9 consecutive days. FB1 treatment resulted in a reduced weight gain. At the same time, CYP2E activity was increased, which is considered to mark the metabolic changes inherent to growth retardation in young rats. Treatment with FB1 also resulted in a selective inhibition of CYP2C11 and to a lesser extent, CYP1A2 in liver microsomes obtained from treated animals, whereas it did not affect significantly the activity of CYP2A1/2A2, CYP2B1/2B2, CYP3A1/3A2 and CYP4A. The significant inhibition of CYP2C11 is considered to reflect a suppressed activity of protein kinase activity resulting from the inhibition of sphingolipid biosynthesis caused by FB1.
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ABSTRACT: Alterations in the membrane structure and function of hepatocyte membranes by fumonisin B1 (FB1) have been proposed to play an important role in the disruption of growth regulatory effects and hence in the cancer-promoting ability of the mycotoxin. Detailed analyses of lipids in liver microsomal fractions of rats exposed to different dietary levels of FB1 over a period of 21 d indicated an increase in PC, PE, PI, and cholesterol (Chol). These changes decreased the PC/PE and increased the total phospholipid/Chol ratios. When considering FA content, the quantities of total FA increased (PLipids 01/2002; 37(9):869-877. · 2.56 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Alteration of lipid constituents of cellular membranes has been proposed as a possible mechanism for cancer promotion by fumonisin B(1 )(FB(1)). To further investigate this hypothesis a dietary dosage which initiates and promotes liver cancer (250 mg FB(1)/kg) was fed to male Fischer rats for 21 days and the lipid composition of plasma, microsomal, mitochondrial and nuclear subcellular fractions determined. The effect of FB(1) on the cholesterol, phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), as well as sphingomyelin (SM) and the phospholipids-associated fatty acid (FA) profiles, were unique for each subcellular membrane fraction. PE was significantly increased in the microsomal, mitochondrial and plasma membrane fractions, whereas cholesterol was increased in both the microsomal and nuclear fraction. In addition SM was decreased and increased in the mitochondrial and nuclear fractions, respectively. The decreased PC/PE and polyunsaturated/saturated (P/S) FA ratio in the different membrane fractions suggest a more rigid membrane structure. The decreased levels in polyunsaturated fatty acids in PC together with a pronounced increase in C18:1omega9 and C18:2omega6 were indicative of an impaired delta-6 desaturase. The increased omega6/omega3 ratio and decreased C20:4omega6 PC/PE ratio due to an increase in C20:4omega6 in PE relatively to PC in the different subcellular fractions suggests a shift towards prostanoid synthesis of the E2 series. Changes in the PE and C20:4omega6 parameters in the plasma membrane could alter key growth regulatory and/or other cell receptors in lipid rafts known to be altered by FB(1). An interactive role between C20:4omega6 and ceramide in the mitochondria, is suggested to regulate the balance between proliferation and apoptosis in altered initiated hepatocytes resulting in their selective outgrowth during cancer promotion effected by FB(1).Lipids 05/2007; 42(3):249-61. · 2.56 Impact Factor