Ground states of unfrustrated spin Hamiltonians satisfy an area law

New Journal of Physics (Impact Factor: 3.67). 09/2010; DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/12/9/095007
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We show that ground states of unfrustrated quantum spin-1/2 systems on general lattices satisfy an entanglement area law, provided that the Hamiltonian can be decomposed into nearest-neighbor interaction terms which have entangled excited states. The ground state manifold can be efficiently described as the image of a low-dimensional subspace of low Schmidt measure, under an efficiently contractible tree-tensor network. This structure gives rise to the possibility of efficiently simulating the complete ground space (which is in general degenerate). We briefly discuss "non-generic" cases, including highly degenerate interactions with product eigenbases, using a relationship to percolation theory. We finally assess the possibility of using such tree tensor networks to simulate almost frustration-free spin models. Comment: 14 pages, 4 figures

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A subtle relation between Quantum Hall physics and the phenomenon of pairing is unveiled. By use of second quantization, we establish a connection between (i) a broad class of rotationally symmetric two-body interactions within the lowest Landau level and (ii) integrable hyperbolic Richardson-Gaudin type Hamiltonians that arise in (p_{x}+ip_{y}) superconductivity. Specifically, we show that general Haldane pseudopotentials (and their sums) can be expressed as a sum of repulsive non-commuting (p_{x}+ip_{y})-type pairing Hamiltonians. For the Laughlin sequence, it is observed that this problem is frustration free and zero energy ground states lie in the common null space of all of these non-commuting Hamiltonians. This property allows for the use of a new truncated basis of pairing configurations in which to express Laughlin states at general filling factors. We prove separability of arbitrary Haldane pseudopotentials, providing explicit expressions for their second quantized forms, and further show by explicit construction how to exploit the topological equivalence between different geometries (disk, cylinder, and sphere) sharing the same topological genus number, in the second quantized formalism, through similarity transformations. As an application of the second quantized approach, we establish a "squeezing principle" that applies to the zero modes of a general class of Hamiltonians, which includes but is not limited to Haldane pseudopotentials. We also show how one may establish (bounds on) "incompressible filling factors" for those Hamiltonians. By invoking properties of symmetric polynomials, we provide explicit second quantized quasi-hole generators; the generators that we find directly relate to bosonic chiral edge modes and further make aspects of dimensional reduction in the Quantum Hall systems precise.
    Physical review. B, Condensed matter 06/2013; 88(16). · 3.66 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Exact many-body quantum problems are known to be computationally hard due to the exponential scaling of the numerical resources required. Since the advent of the Density Matrix Renormalization Group, it became clear that a successful strategy to work around this obstacle was to develop numerical methods based on the well-known theoretical renormalization group. In recent years, it was realized that quantum states engineered via numerical renormalization allow a variational representation in terms of a tensor network picture. The discovery provided a further boost to the effectiveness of these techniques, not only due to the increased flexibility and manipulability, but also because tensor network states embed a direct interface to the entanglement they carry, so that one can directly address many-body quantum correlations within these variational ansatz states. This lead to the application of several numerical tools, originally developed in the field of quantum-information, to approach condensed matter problems.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This is a short review on the applications of Lieb-Robinson bounds for a general readership of mathematical physicists.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 21, 2014