Precursor outbursts and superoutbursts in the SU UMa-type dwarf nova NN Camelopardalis

Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We report photometry of three outbursts of NN Cam in 2007, 2008 and 2009. The 2007 event started with a normal outburst, lasting about 4 days, which was a precursor to a superoutburst lasting at least 13 days. Both the precursor and the superoutburst had an amplitude of 4.9 mag above mean quiescence. Superhumps with a maximum peak-to-peak amplitude of 0.22 mag were detected during the superoutburst with a mean superhump period Psh = 0.07385(56) d. Psh decreased continuously with dPsh /dt = -1.72(23) x 10-3. We used our measurement to confirm that the shorter of two possible values of Porb reported by another researcher is the correct one, Porb = 0.0717 d. The 2008 outburst was rather poorly observed, although we present evidence that this too may have been a superoutburst. The 2009 event was also a superoutburst, with Psh = 0.07414(44) d, but we could find no evidence for a precursor. From the 2007 and 2009 data, we report a superhump period excess of epsilon = 0.030(8) to 0.034(6), which is typical for SU UMa dwarf novae of similar orbital period, and estimate the binary mass ratio q = Mwd/Msec $\simeq$ 0.11 to 0.17 Comment: 20 pages, 10 figures, accepted for publication in the Journal of the British Astronomical Association

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    ABSTRACT: We report on successes and failures in searching for positive superhumps in cataclysmic variables, and show the superhumping fraction as a function of orbital period. Basically, all short-period system do, all long-period systems do not, and a 50% success rate is found at Porb=3.1+/-0.2 hr. We can use this to measure the critical mass ratio for the creation of superhumps. With a mass-radius relation appropriate for cataclysmic variables, and an assumed mean white-dwarf mass of 0.75 Msolar, we find a mass ratio qcrit=0.35+/-0.02. We also report superhump studies of several stars of independently known mass ratio: OU Vir, XZ Eri, UU Aqr, and KV UMa (=XTE J1118+480). The latter two are of special interest, because they represent the most extreme mass ratios for which accurate superhump measurements have been made. We use these to improve the ɛ(q) calibration, by which we can infer the elusive q from the easy-to-measure ɛ (the fractional period excess of Psuperhump over Porb). This relation allows mass and radius estimates for the secondary star in any cataclysmic variable (CV) showing superhumps. The consequent mass-radius law shows an apparent discontinuity in radius near 0.2 Msolar, as predicted by the disrupted magnetic braking model for the 2.1-2.7 hr period gap. This is effectively the ``empirical main sequence'' for CV secondaries.
    Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 11/2005; 117(837):1204-1222. · 3.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We systematically surveyed period variations of superhumps in SU UMa-type dwarf novae based on newly obtained data and past publications. In many systems, the evolution of superhump period are found to be composed of three distinct stages: early evolutionary stage with a longer superhump period, middle stage with systematically varying periods, final stage with a shorter, stable superhump period. During the middle stage, many systems with superhump periods less than 0.08 d show positive period derivatives. Contrary to the earlier claim, we found no clear evidence for variation of period derivatives between superoutburst of the same object. We present an interpretation that the lengthening of the superhump period is a result of outward propagation of the eccentricity wave and is limited by the radius near the tidal truncation. We interpret that late stage superhumps are rejuvenized excitation of 3:1 resonance when the superhumps in the outer disk is effectively quenched. Many of WZ Sge-type dwarf novae showed long-enduring superhumps during the post-superoutburst stage having periods longer than those during the main superoutburst. The period derivatives in WZ Sge-type dwarf novae are found to be strongly correlated with the fractional superhump excess, or consequently, mass ratio. WZ Sge-type dwarf novae with a long-lasting rebrightening or with multiple rebrightenings tend to have smaller period derivatives and are excellent candidate for the systems around or after the period minimum of evolution of cataclysmic variables (abridged). Comment: 239 pages, 225 figures, PASJ accepted
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