Biomimetic matrices for myocardial stabilization and stem cell transplantation

Department of Bioengineering, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California, USA.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A (Impact Factor: 2.83). 12/2010; 95(4):1055-66. DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.32904
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Although natural biological matrices have demonstrated modest improvement in the survival of cells transplanted into the infarcted myocardium, these materials have not been amenable to systematic optimization and therefore have limited potential to treat postinfarct cardiac injuries. Here we have developed tunable bioactive semi-interpenetrating polymer network (sIPN) hydrogels with matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) labile crosslinkers to be used as an assistive microenvironment for transplantation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) into the infarcted myocardium. Injectable sIPN hydrogels were designed with a range of mechanical and biological properties that yielded material-dependent BMSC proliferation in vitro. Five groups were evaluated to treat myocardial infarction (MI) in adult mice: saline injection; green fluorescent protein (GFP)(+)-BMSCs delivered in saline; a sIPN matrix; a sIPN + GFP(+)-BMSCs; and Matrigel™ + GFP(+)-BMSCs. Injection of cells alone created a transient improvement in LV function that declined over time, and the synthetic hydrogel without cells resulted in the highest LV function at 6 weeks. Donor GFP-positive cells were detected after matrix-enhanced transplantation, but not without matrix support. Biomimetic sIPN hydrogel matrices succeeded both in mechanically supporting the injured myocardium and modestly enhancing donor cell survival. These matrices provide a foundation for systematic development of "pro-survival" microenvironments, and improvement in the long-term results of cardiac stem cell transplantation therapies.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) have the capacity to differentiate into any specialized cell type, including cardiomyocytes. Therefore, hESC-derived and hiPSC-derived cardiomyocytes (hESC-CMs and hiPSC-CMs, respectively) offer great potential for cardiac regenerative medicine. Unlike some organs, the heart has a limited ability to regenerate, and dysfunction resulting from significant cardiomyocyte loss under pathophysiological conditions, such as myocardial infarction (MI), can lead to heart failure. Unfortunately, for patients with end-stage heart failure, heart transplantation remains the main alternative, and it is insufficient, mainly because of the limited availability of donor organs. Although left ventricular assist devices are progressively entering clinical practice as a bridge to transplantation and even as an optional therapy, cell replacement therapy presents a plausible alternative to donor organ transplantation. During the past decade, multiple candidate cells were proposed for cardiac regeneration, and their mechanisms of action in the myocardium have been explored. The purpose of this article is to critically review the comprehensive research involving the use of hESCs and hiPSCs in MI models and to discuss current controversies, unresolved issues, challenges, and future directions. Copyright © 2014 Canadian Cardiovascular Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    The Canadian journal of cardiology 11/2014; 30(11):1279-1287. DOI:10.1016/j.cjca.2014.06.023 · 3.94 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Myocardial infarction causes almost 7.3 million deaths each year worldwide. However, current treatments are more palliative than curative. Presently, cell and protein therapies are considered the most promising alternative treatments. Clinical trials performed until now have demonstrated that these therapies are limited by protein short half-life and by low transplanted cell survival rate, prompting the development of novel cell and protein delivery systems able to overcome such limitations. In this review we discuss the advances made in the last 10years in the emerging field of cardiac repair using biomaterial-based delivery systems with focus on the progress made on preclinical in vivo studies. Then, we focus in cardiac tissue engineering approaches, and how the incorporation of both cells and proteins together into biomaterials has opened new horizons in the myocardial infarction treatment. Finally, the ongoing challenges and the perspectives for future work in cardiac tissue engineering will also be discussed.
    Journal of Controlled Release 02/2015; DOI:10.1016/j.jconrel.2015.02.009 · 7.26 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have generated a bioinspired tunable system of hyaluronic acid (HyA)-based hydrogels for Matrix-Assisted Cell Transplantation (MACT). With this material, we have independently evaluated matrix parameters such as adhesion peptide density, mechanical properties, and growth factor sequestering capacity, to engineer an environment that imbues donor cells with a milieu that promotes survival and engraftment with host tissues after transplantation. Using a versatile population of Sca-1+/CD45− cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs), we demonstrated that the addition of heparin in the HyA hydrogels was necessary to coordinate the presentation of TGFβ1 and to support the trophic functions of the CPCs via endothelial cell differentiation and vascular like tubular network formation. Presentation of exogenous TGFβ1 by binding with heparin improved differentiated CPC function by sequestering additional endogenously-produced angiogenic factors. Finally, we demonstrated that TGFβ1 and heparin-containing HyA hydrogels can promote CPC survival when implanted subcutaneously into murine hind-limbs and encouraged their participation in the ensuing neovascular response, which included blood vessels that had anastomosed with the host's blood vessels.
    Biomaterials 04/2015; 47. DOI:10.1016/j.biomaterials.2014.12.043 · 8.31 Impact Factor


1 Download
Available from