Understanding normality: a qualitative analysis of breast cancer patients concepts of normality after mastectomy and reconstructive surgery
ABSTRACT As survival rates increase, many people have to adjust to life after cancer. This includes adjusting to life after surgery. While previous research suggests that patients commonly strive to be 'normal' after mastectomy and reconstructive surgery, research surrounding individual perceptions of normality is lacking.
The aim of this study was to explore concepts of normality within a sample of breast cancer patients eligible for reconstructive surgery following mastectomy.
A total of 35 semi structured interviews, with women who had undergone or were about to undergo breast reconstructive surgery following breast cancer, were analysed using thematic analysis.
Four main themes emerged from the data. Women referred to looking normal (appearance); being able to fulfil everyday activities (behaviour); adapting to a new normal (reconstructing normality); and not being ill (health). The importance placed on each area of normality differed between patients. Additionally, patients used different standards to anchor concepts of normality. These included individual standards, social standards and clinical standards.
The results indicate that although there are commonalities between patients' concepts of normality, it is important for health care professionals to recognise potential individual differences. This may usefully aid communication and help to manage expectations among patients considering surgical options.
- SourceAvailable from: P. M. Adair[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to develop a theoretical understanding of the role of breast reconstruction in women's self-image. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 women from breast cancer support groups who had undergone breast reconstruction surgery. A grounded theory methodology was used to explore their experiences. The study generated a model of 'breast cancer, breast reconstruction and self-image', with a core category entitled 'feeling like me again' and two principal categories of 'normal appearance' and 'normal life'. A further two main categories, 'moving on' and 'image of sick person' were generated. The results indicated a role of breast reconstruction in several aspects of self-image including the restoration of pre-surgery persona, which further promoted adjustment.European Journal of Cancer Care 06/2013; 22(4). DOI:10.1111/ecc.12055 · 1.76 Impact Factor
Conference Paper: Integrated Ka-Band Fin-Line Six-Port[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The design and performance of an integrated mm-wave 6-port is presented. The design uses Fin-Line technology and beam-lead diode detectors in a Ka-full-band application. The high precision measurement capability of the 6-port device has been verified in an automated 6-port network analyzer setup.Microwave Conference, 1985. 15th European; 10/1985
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ABSTRACT: Many women with early-stage breast cancer choose breast reconstruction following mastectomy with the goal to improve physical and psychological quality of life. Breast reconstruction procedures vary in surgical complexity, types of postsurgical complications, and time to recovery, all of which can affect a women's well-being. Although there is a growing body of literature on the satisfaction with aesthetic outcomes following breast reconstruction, there is little research addressing the recovery process. This qualitative study explores woman's physical and emotional recovery experiences. Findings may be useful for improving educational and counseling services for women who undergo breast cancer reconstructive surgeries.Journal of Psychosocial Oncology 11/2011; 29(6):664-76. DOI:10.1080/07347332.2011.615384 · 1.04 Impact Factor