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Virulence of Escherichia coli O139:K82 Virulência de Escherichia coli O139:K82

Semina : Ciências Agrárias 01/2009; DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359.2001v22n2p119
Source: DOAJ

ABSTRACT In order to evaluate the pathogenicity and antimicrobial resistance pattern of BK 125 Escherichia coli strain, several tests were assessed: serotype, slide agglutination for detection of the fimbriae F18, presence of the gene Stx2e, verotoxin production, hemolytic activity, pathogenicity assessement using piglet inoculation and antimicrobial resistance to drugs. The strain BK125 showed the following profile: F18+, Stx2e+, Hly+, resistance to streptomicin, tetraciclin, sulfonamides. It produced clinical disease and death of infected piglets. Moreover, it was possible to recover the BK125 strain from diarrheic feces and from the gut contents of the piglet, with high rate of recovery of colonies expressing fimbriae F18. The present results suggest that the E. coli BK125 (O139:K82) strain could produce virulence factors and experimentally reproduce oedema disease in pigs. Com o objetivo de identificar a patogenicidade e resistência a antimicrobianos da cepa de Escherichia coli BK125, foram utilizados os seguintes testes: sorotipagem, aglutinação em lâmina para detecção da fímbria F18, PCR para verificar a presença do gene Stx2e e teste de citoxicidade para avaliar a expressão da verotoxina, ensaio para detecção de hemolisinas, patogenicidade em leitões e antibiograma. A cepa BK125 apresentou o seguinte perfil: F18+, Stx2e+, Hly+, resistente a estreptomicina, tetraciclina, sulfonamida e foi capaz de provocar a doença clínica e morte em leitões inoculados. Também foi possível o resgate dessa cepa de fezes diarréicas e do conteúdo intestinal dos leitões revelando assim, alto índice de recuperação de colônias inoculadas. Os resultados permitem concluir que a E. coli BK125 (O139:K82) é produtora de fatores de virulência e reproduz experimentalmente a doença do edema em suínos.

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    ABSTRACT: Seventy-four E. coli strains isolated from piglets with diarrhea or edema disease in Spain were serotyped and examined for production of heat-labile (LT) and heat-stable (ST) enterotoxins (LT-I, LT-II, STaH, STaP, and STb) and verotoxins (VT1, VT2, and VT2v = VTe) by phenotypic (Vero cell assay and infant mouse test) and genotypic (colony hybridization and PCR) methods. In general, an excellent correlation was found between the results obtained with a PCR approach and those determined with biological assays. DNA probes used in the hybridization also showed a very good agreement with phenotypic results, with the exception of a VT1 probe that initially produced 10 false-positive reactions. The gene coding for STb (58 strains) was the most prevalent gene detected by PCR, followed by those coding for STa (46 strains), LT (19 strains), VT2v (11 strains), and VT1 (1 strain). Apparently, in Spain three seropathotypes are predominant: (i) O149:K91:H10 K88+ LT-I+ STb+, (ii) O141:K85ab:H- P987+ STaP+, and (iii) O138:K81:H14 or H- STaP+ VT2v+. We conclude that PCR is a fast, specific, and practical method for the identification of enterotoxin and VT genes in clinical and epidemiological studies.
    Journal of Clinical Microbiology 12/1997; 35(11):2958-63. · 4.07 Impact Factor

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