Gender Wage Discrimination Bias? A Meta-Regression Analysis
ABSTRACT This study provides a quantitative review of the empirical literature on gender wage discrimination. Although there is considerable agreement that gender wage discrimination exists, estimates of its magnitude vary widely. Our meta-regression analysis (MRA) reveals that the estimated gender gap has been steadily declining and the wage rate calculation to be crucial. Large biases are likely when researchers omit experience or fail to correct for selection bias. Finally, there appears to be significant gender bias in gender research. However, it is a virtuous variety where researchers tend to compensate for potential bias implicit in their gender membership.
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ABSTRACT: This article introduces the R package oaxaca to perform the Blinder-Oaxaca decom-position, a statistical method that decomposes the gap in mean outcomes across two groups into a portion that is due to differences in group characteristics and a portion that cannot be explained by such differences. Although this method has been most widely used to study gender-and race-based discrimination in the labor market, Blinder-Oaxaca decompositions can be applied to explain differences in any continuous outcome across any two groups. The oaxaca package implements all the most commonly used variants of the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition for linear regression models, calculates bootstrapped standard errors for its estimates, and allows users to visualize the decomposition results.11/2014;
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ABSTRACT: ___________________________________________________________________________ Abstract In this paper, we provide an analytical review of previous estimates of the rate of return on schooling investments in France and measure how these estimates vary over time, with the nature of data and by estimation methods. Improving the Ashenfelter Harmon and Oosterbeek (1999) approach (denoted below AHO), we do not find evidence of reporting bias in the estimates. Furthermore, introducing possible "within study correlations" does not significantly affect the estimations. Nevertheless, we find that differences in returns by estimation methods still exist. Differences of specification in earning functions have also to be taken into account as well as the composition of sample (male/female, public/private sector). We also find that estimated returns have been decreasing in France since the end of the 60' and suggest a "meta Phillips curve" effect as an explanation for the contrasted evolution of the return between France and the US.
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ABSTRACT: Two studies explored gender-relevant expectations and consequences of seeking flexible work arrangements. Study 1 examined preferences and expectations of students nearing the job market. While men and women valued work flexibility and work–life balance equally, women reported greater intentions to seek flexibility in their careers. Intentions were predicted by projected perceptions on gender-relevant traits. In Study 2, participants evaluated hypothetical targets who sought a flexible work arrangement after the birth of a child. Flexibility seekers were given lower job evaluations than targets with traditional work arrangements; however, they were also seen as warmer and more moral. Men may be particularly penalized at the character level, as flexibility seekers were seen as less masculine and rated lower on masculine prescriptive traits and higher on feminine prescriptive traits. Together these studies suggest that while men value work flexibility they may be reluctant to seek it because of (potentially well-founded) fears of stigmatization.Journal of Social Issues 06/2013; 69(2):303-321. · 1.96 Impact Factor