Block Ownership, Trading Activity, and Market Liquidity

Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis (Impact Factor: 1.77). 12/2009; 44(06):1403-1426. DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.1117285
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT We examine the impact of block ownership on the firm s market liquidity. These adverse liquidity effects disappear, however, once we control for trading activity. Our findings suggest that block ownership is detrimental to the firm a real friction effect. After controlling for this real friction effect, we find little evidence that block ownership has a negative impact on informational friction. Our results suggest that the relative lack of trading, and not the threat of informed trading, explains the inverse relation between block ownership and market liquidity.

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    ABSTRACT: This paper investigates the effects of very highly concentrated ownership structures on the liquidity of stock markets in a context of weak protection for minority shareholders. Such structures are prevalent in a number of European markets as well as in various developing markets, as opposed to US markets. Two alternative hypotheses are tested. The shareholder expropriation hypothesis predicts an inverse relationship between liquidity and ownership concentration for the dominant shareholder. The dominant monitor-insider hypothesis contends that dominant shareholders are not detrimental to market liquidity, since they have incentives to reduce their costs of exit and/or to improve the information transfer of their value enhancing activities to markets. Our empirical results are more consistent with the latter. We find that alternative governance mechanisms also have liquidity enhancing effects for Brazilian and Chilean firms. In particular, cross-listing in the US market and the threat of outside takeovers serve as monitoring devices to reduce informational asymmetries.
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    ABSTRACT: We use transactions data from TORQ and present empirical evidence on the cross sectional relation between institutional trading and effective spread after controlling for trading volume denoting inventory and order processing costs and probability of informed trading (PIN) denoting risk of informed trading. We find that volume, information risk premium denoted by PIN times price, and institutional trading are significant determinants of bid ask spreads for a sample of 65 NYSE listed securities. We also find that institutional trading increases the adverse selection component but does not have a significant effect on order processing costs. The net effect of institutional trading on spread depends on the dominant effect, information increasing adverse selection costs or liquidity decreasing order processing costs. In our sample the increase in adverse selection costs trumps the decrease in order processing costs and as a consequence spread increases as institutional trading rises.
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    ABSTRACT: Companies with relatively thin trading, a high concentration of insider ownership, and a privatized pension system characterize Chile’s Santiago Stock Exchange. Within this setting, we study the relationship between ownership concentration, corporate governance, and stock market liquidity. Our results suggest that board independence, corporate disclosure and outside monitoring by institutions help moderate the effects that insiders have on trading costs and liquidity. We also find that market makers with inventory reduce the informational component of trading costs. Finally, the trades of insiders provide price guidance to market makers, while traders employ a follow-the-insider strategy when transparency is low.
    Journal of Contemporary Accounting and Economics 12/2013; 9(2):183–202.

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