Article

THE IMPACT OF PRICES AND CONTROL POLICIES ON CIGARETTE SMOKING AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS

Contemporary Economic Policy (Impact Factor: 0.6). 04/2001; 19(2):135-149. DOI: 10.1111/j.1465-7287.2001.tb00056.x
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT Smoking among youths and young adults rose throughout the 1990s. Numerous policies were enacted to try to reverse this trend. However, little is known about the impact these policies have on the smoking behavior of young adults. This article uses a dichotomous indicator of daily smoking participation in the past 30 days, an ordered measure representing the frequency of cigarette consumption, and a quasi-continuous measure of the number of cigarettes smoked per day on average to examine the impact of cigarette prices, clean indoor air laws, and campus-level smoking policies on the smoking behaviors of a 1997 cross section of college students. The results of the analysis indicate that higher cigarette prices are associated with lower smoking participation and lower levels of use among college student smokers. Local- and state-level clean indoor air restrictions have a cumulative impact on the level of smoking by current smokers. Complete smoking bans on college campuses are associated with lower levels of smoking among current smokers but have no significant impact on smoking participation. Bans on cigarette advertising on campus as well as bans on the sale of cigarettes on campus have no significant effect on the smoking behavior of college students. Copyright 2001 Western Economic Association International.

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    • "Several econometric studies have also examined the effects of smoke-free air laws on adult smoking behavior. A majority of these studies find an inverse relationship between the implementation of these laws and smoking (Wasserman et al. 1991; Chaloupka 1992; Evans et al. 1999; Ohsfeldt et al. 1999; Czart, et al. 2001; Gallet 2004; Tauras 2006; Yurkeli and Zhang 2000). "
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    • "Indeed, the 2007 European Tobacco Control Report explicitly criticises lack of retailer compliance as a main obstacle to the effectiveness of youth access laws in EU member countries (WHO, 2007). As a distribution outlet of cigarettes, vending machines are particularly controversial, as they tend to be heavily used by minors, being self-service and mostly under control of neither retailers nor adults. 2 Although arguably the most accessible outlet of tobacco for youths, vending machines have been investigated in but a handful of studies (see Czart et al. (2001), Rigotti et al. (1997), Chaloupka and Grossman (1996), and Forster et al. (1992)). Furthermore, these studies produced only mixed evidence on the effectiveness of restrictions imposed on the use or placement of vending machines in curbing the availability of cigarettes to youths. "
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    • "Nepal does not have regular systematic data collection for monitoring the trend among college youth unlike in US where, smoking among them increased over time from 1991 to 1997 by 4.9% (Czart et al., 2001). Studies have shown that around one in four college students are smokers in some countries (Czart et al., 2001; Rozi et al., 2007). Thus identification of factors that favour smoking RESEARCH COMMUNICATION "
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