Article

Endogenous growth and European fiscal rules

Applied Economics (Impact Factor: 0.46). 01/2009; 41(7):849-858. DOI: 10.1080/00036840701604503
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT We develop a general equilibrium endogenous growth model of a monetary union between two countries that differ in economic dimension and level of development. By solving transitional dynamics towards the steady state, we examine the impact of fiscal shocks that may lead to excessive deficits. Results suggest that the individual and the whole impact of such deficits depend on which country they occur. In such context, we argue that the small and less developed country should be allowed to temporarily run an excessive deficit, in order to improve economic convergence within the union.

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this paper is to review to what extent public investment, public capital and fiscal policy in general affect growth, and through which channels this impact is working. The first part examines the positive relation between public expenditure and capital on economic growth, highlighting trends and the role of different categories of expenditure. We also survey a recent and promising interest in the explicit analysis of distributional and inequality reducing effects of increases in productive public investment. The second part instead focuses on fiscal policy, taking into account both the revenue and expenditure side, and examining the role played by fiscal consolidation rules and adjustments, and stresses the link between public investment, fiscal consolidation and growth, reviewing some influential proposals for a reform of fiscal rules that take these issues into account explicitly. The interplay between government investment, fiscal rules and growth is the basis for the concluding section which presents some directions for future research.
    Department of Economics University of Milan Italy, Departemental Working Papers. 01/2009;

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