Patents as technological information in Latin America

Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Instituto de Tecnologia em Fármacos-Farmanguinhos, Avenida Comandante Guaranys, 447, Jacarepaguá, CEP 21.041-250, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Université du Sud Toulon-Var, Avenue de l’Université – BP20132, 3957 La Garde Cedex Toulon, France; Rua Coronel Assumpção, 58 – Alto XV – CEP 80.040-210, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
World Patent Information 01/2009; 31(3):207-215. DOI: 10.1016/j.wpi.2008.11.006
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT This study shows the importance of patents as a source of technological information in Latin America. We studied the industrial property offices' websites and the kind of patent information available such as laws, gazette, statistics, cost, forms, and contacts. We found at the USPTO and PCT websites the quantity of patent applications from applicants in Latin American countries filed in these offices. Brazil and Mexico in particular provide information on their websites to anyone interested in filing patent applications, searching patents and using patents as a source of technological information. This work shows that the quantity of patent applications is only slowly increasing in Latin America. Thus, each one of the 21 countries of Latin America needs to have a policy of dissemination of the importance of the patent system as a source of technological information to increase research and innovation in their countries.

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    ABSTRACT: This work addresses the relevance of establishing a Brazilian database consisting of public domain patent documents through the use of the International Patent Classification (IPC). Between 1971 and 2001, a total of 245,225 patent applications have been filed with the Brazilian Patent Office and of those 130,566 (53.24%) were found to be in the public domain.Public domain patents are defined here as extinct patents as well as patent applications, which are:•Applications on which the request for examination of the application has not been made;•Applications under examination, on which requirements made by the examiner were not answered;•Rejected applications;•Patents whose annuity has not been paid.A subset from this public domain set––34,429 patent documents from 1992 to 1995––were analyzed. From these, 40.50% (13,945) were found to be in the public domain. As a result, it was found that, at the broadest level, the highest incidence technological areas for Brazilian public domain patent documents were “Human Necessities” (IPC Section A) and “Chemistry and Metallurgy” (IPC Section C). It is postulated that these areas are of extreme importance for the country. More deatiled analyses are also presented, at class, subclass, and subgroup levels.
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    ABSTRACT: The information policies of developing and industrialized countries are created to protect the vital interests of the country. Brazil is used to illustrate various policies regulating information transfer, computer hardware, and computer software. Brazil's policies are compared with the policies of industrialized countries. The analysis illustrates some of the tradeoffs faced by information policymakers and planners in a developing country.
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    ABSTRACT: INPI in Brazil is developing new services, based on its large patent document file, to assist industrial and technlogical development. One service supplies patent document copies from abroad to large companies in technologies of interest to them. Another for small companies translates patents into more understandable language. Access to databases such as DIALOG, ORBIT, etc., is also being offered through INPI and a bibliographic database of Brazilian patent applications is being built up.
    World Patent Information 01/1988; 10(1):17-19.

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Jun 3, 2014