Reexamining the link between gender and corruption: The role of social institutions

Courant Research Centre PEG, Courant Research Centre: Poverty, Equity and Growth - Discussion Papers 01/2010;
Source: RePEc


This paper investigates how information affect voting behaviour. There exist a large literature suggesting that uninformed voters can use informational shortcuts or cues to vote as if they were informed. This paper tests this hypothesis using unique Swedish individual survey data on the preferences of both politicians and voters. I find that uninformed voters are significantly worse than informed voters at voting for their most preferred politicians. This suggests that uninformed voters can not make up for their lack of information using shortcuts. Furthermore, the errors uninformed voters make do not cancel out in large elections. Estimates suggest that the ruling majorities would have switched in almost 5% of Swedish municipalities had all voters been fully informed. The effects are estimated with both parametric and nonparametric estimation techniques.

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    • "This argument contends that 'liberal democratic institutions and spirit increase female participation in government and restrain systematic corruption, but the latter two factors are not causally related' (Sung, 2003: 708). In addition Goetz (2007) argues that it is the opportunities for corruption that differ for women and men (see also Branisa and Ziegler, 2010; Pande and Ford, 2012; Vijayalakshmi, 2008). Our study departs from previous research (Bjarnegård, 2013; Johnson et al., 2013; Stockemer, 2011) suggesting that corruption indicates the presence of shadowy arrangements that benefit the already privileged, which in most countries tend to be men. "
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