Institutional Analysis to explain the Success of Moroccan Microfinance Institutions

ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Working Papers CEB 01/2009;
Source: RePEc


This study looks at the relationship between the success of microfinance institutions and the degree of economic freedom in their host countries. Many microfinance institutions are currently not self-sustaining, and both theoretical and empirical work suggests that the economic environment in which they operate is an important factor in their ability to reach this goal, furthering the mission of outreach to the poor. The sustainability of the microfinance institutions is analyzed here using a large cross-section of institutions and countries. The results show that microfinance institutions operate primarily in countries with a relatively low degree of overall economic freedom and that government intervention in the economy can reduce their sustainability.

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    ABSTRACT: Purpose – The extent to which microfinance succeeds varies greatly even among countries. The paper aims to look at why microfinance develops in some countries rather than others. It aims to identify institutional factors that can be introduced to enable microfinance to succeed in a country. Design/methodology/approach – A small-sample comparative approach is used, combined with correlation analysis. The research methodology was dictated by the need to find countries that are culturally similar and have the same regulation in order to be able to study other elements. Findings – The authors find that the success of microfinance is linked to its economic performance, in terms of both levels of per capita income and growth, as well as regulatory and public governance, with the amount of remittances being received in a country and with life expectancy at birth. Research limitations/implications – Different sources provide different data. So, the findings may not be robust but it is the best available data. Practical implications – The data shows a high correlation between aid and the development of microfinance and also more so between remittances and the growth of this sector. This has some implications for policies aiming at developing entrepreneurship through microfinance. Originality/value – Most papers when looking at the success of microfinance across regions have failed to take into account differences in cultures and regulations; thus there is a residual bias. The paper's originality stems from the fact that it explains the success of microfinance while controlling for cultural and regulatory factors, and also goes into public governance indicators. This kind of comparative institutional analysis has not been performed for this region.
    Corporate Governance International Journal of Business in Society 08/2012; 12(4). DOI:10.1108/14720701211267793
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    ABSTRACT: It is known that micro and small enterprises (often unbankable) have usually difficulties in the access to the financial system; in order to facilitate their credit access in many countries different kind of mutual guarantee schemes and institutions generally grant different typologies of guarantees. Mutual guarantee schemes and institutions can significantly contribute to facilitate the credit access of micro and small enterprises, by reducing the information asymmetries between the lender and the borrower and, in some cases, by decreasing the cost of funding. In this perspective, this research aims at offering a comprehensive comparative analysis of the most significant models of micro credit sector and guarantee funds adopted in two European country (Italy and Spain) and in two African countries (Morocco and Tunisia).The perspective adopted in the paper is finally addressed to highlight the strength and weaknesses of the different typology of microcredit guarantee system, in order to: point out some regulatory or operative solutions which, once known, may improve the economic sustainability of the microcredit sector/institutions and, ultimately, can contribute to really facilitate the access to credit for microenterprises.