Article

Ship Inspection Strategies: Effects on Maritime Safety and Environmental Protection

Transportation Research Part D Transport and Environment (Impact Factor: 1.29). 01/2010; DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2010.07.006
Source: RePEc

ABSTRACT Global trade depends for a large part on maritime transport, and safe ships are needed not only to protect precious cargo but also to prevent environmental damage. Flag state and port state authorities spend much effort in ship safety inspections to ensure a minimum safety level and to prevent casualties. This paper investigates the safety gains of current inspection rules as well as options for further improvement. The analysis is based on a dataset of over four hundred thousand ship arrivals originating from some important trading nations between 2002 and 2007, complemented with data on port state control and industry inspections and casualties. The results indicate considerable potential safety gains of incorporating estimated future casualty risks more explicitly in port state control strategies to select ships for safety inspection.

1 Bookmark
 · 
179 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Safety management and risk profiling to identify substandard ships are of importance to the shipping industry. Whereas current methods rely heavily on detention risk and flag state performance, we extend the risk assessment by considering various risk dimensions and by evaluating a wide range of risk factors. Apart from detention risk, we consider also the risk of various types of accidents (total loss, very serious, and serious) and damage (hull and machinery, cargo, pollution, loss of life, and third party liabilities). Risk factors include ship particulars like ship type and classes of companies and owners, as well as historical information on past accidents, inspections, and changes of particulars. We present methods to summarize and visualize various risk dimensions and we pay particular attention to the identification of potentially risky companies. The empirical results are obtained by combining rich data sets with information on ship arrivals, inspections, and accidents for the period from 2006 to 2010. The presented methods and results are of interest to various stakeholders in the industry, such as charterers, insurance companies, maritime administrations, and the International Maritime Organization.
    01/2011;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to measure a port's green performance. The literature is reviewed and a survey is carried out to identify major green port performance indicators and to evaluate three major ports' overall green performance in Asia. Indicators located in the critical quadrants with a high degree of importance and low degree of performance are identified and resources are suggested that can be employed to improve the ports' overall sustainability performance effectively. Design/methodology/approach – Port performance indicators are reviewed to select the green-related ones by a session of brain storming with academicians from China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan in the shipping discipline. Selected indicators are used to design an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) questionnaire. The weight and degree of performance of each of the 17 green indicators among three major container ports are calculated by the data obtained from the AHP round survey respondents. Findings – Avoiding pollutants during cargo handling and port maintenance, noise control, and sewage treatment were perceived to be the three critical indicators by respondents in two of the three ports investigated. Among the three investigated ports, Shanghai port had the highest number of critical indicators to be improved. Air pollutants avoidance, encouraging the use of low-sulphur fuel, and using electrically powered equipment were three of the five critical indicators found in Shanghai port, but not in the other two investigated ports in this study. Originality/value – The theoretical implications of this research are the development of a conceptual framework to measure the degree of importance of a set of green port performance indicators, and to provide a decision support system to help port authorities to evaluate their performance regarding the 17 green port performance indicators compared with that of other ports.
    International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management 01/2013; 43(5):427-451. · 1.04 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Maritime Policy & Management 01/2013; 40(3):261–277. · 0.74 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
42 Downloads
Available from
Jun 1, 2014