Arthroscopic treatment of popliteal cysts: clinical and magnetic resonance imaging results.
ABSTRACT This study examined the functional and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) outcomes of popliteal cysts with combined intra-articular pathologies that were treated arthroscopically by decompression and a cystectomy through an additional posteromedial cystic portal.
From January 2003 to March 2008, 31 patients were treated with a modified arthroscopic technique to decompress a popliteal cyst. The connecting valvular mechanism was found in all cases at the posteromedial compartment through the anterolateral viewing portal, and it was corrected by resecting the capsular fold through the posteromedial working portal. For cysts with multiple fibrous septa, an additional portal, the so-called posteromedial cystic portal, was used for complete cyst removal. The functional outcome was evaluated by use of the Rauschning and Lindgren knee score. All patients were evaluated by MRI, which documented the popliteal cyst and associated intra-articular lesions preoperatively and at follow-up.
All patients could return to their previous daily activities with few or no limitations, and no additional surgery was required after a mean follow-up of 36.1 months (range, 12 to 72 months). The Rauschning and Lindgren knee score showed improved clinical features at the final follow-up in 94% of patients. The follow-up MRI study showed that the cyst had disappeared in 17 knees (55%) and had reduced in size in 14 knees (45%) in the 31 patients. The mean cyst size was reduced significantly from 6.8 to 0.8 cm (P < .0001).
The described arthroscopic technique with or without an additional posteromedial cystic portal is effective for treating popliteal cysts with combined intra-articular lesions. More importantly, follow-up MRI showed that the cyst size was reduced or it had disappeared in all cases, although there was no association between the cyst's disappearance and the follow-up clinical score.
Level IV, therapeutic case series.
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Article: Baker's cyst[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Os cistos de Baker localizam-se na região posteromedial do joelho, entre o ventre medial do músculo gastrocnêmio e o tendão semimembranoso. No adulto, esses cistos estão relacionados a lesões intra-articulares, quais sejam, lesões meniscais ou artrose. Nas crianças, geralmente são achados de exame físico ou de exames de imagem, apresentando pouca relevância clínica. O exame de ultrassonografia é adequado para identificar e mensurar o cisto poplíteo. Para o tratamento, a abordagem principal deve ser relacionada ao tratamento da lesão articular. Na maioria dos casos não há necessidade de se abordar diretamente o cisto. Os cistos no joelho são, quase na sua totalidade, benignos (cistos de Baker e cistos parameniscais). Porém, a presença de alguns sinais demanda que o ortopedista suspeite da possibilidade de malignidade: sintomas desproporcionais ao tamanho do cisto, ausência de lesão articular (ex.: meniscal) que justifique a existência do cisto, topografia atípica, erosão óssea associada, tamanho superior a 5cm e invasão tecidual (cápsula articular).Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia 12/2010; 46(6):630-633.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the arthroscopic anatomy of posteromedial capsule and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in internal derangement of the knee joint and to analyze the relationship between popliteal cysts and the posteromedial capsule. From 2011 to 2012, a prospective study included 194 knees of consecutive arthroscopic surgeries for assorted knee problems. The anatomy of the posteromedial joint capsule was evaluated arthroscopically and divided into three types by the presence of capsular fold and opening: no capsular fold and no opening (type I), capsular fold without opening (type II), capsular fold with opening (type III). The presence and size of popliteal cyst were documented by MRI. Type I was observed in 160 knees (82.5 %), type II in 10 (5.1 %) and type III in 24 (12.4 %). Popliteal cysts were found in 25 knees (12.9 %) by MRI. Of these cases, symptomatic popliteal cysts were identified in 12 knees (6.9 %). On 160 knees demonstrated to be type I, only 3 knees (1.9 %) had popliteal cysts in MRI, 6 knees (60 %) in 10 knees of type II and 16 knees (66.7 %) in 24 knees of type III. Therefore, there was a statistically significant relationship between the type of anatomy in the posteromedial capsule and the popliteal cyst (p < 0.001). An association between popliteal cyst and arthroscopic anatomy of posteromedial capsule was demonstrated. Comprehensive understanding and knowledge of the arthroscopic anatomy of posteromedial capsule would contribute to the arthroscopic approach in understanding the pathogenesis of popliteal cyst. Development of diagnostic criteria on basis of consecutive patients. 2.Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 04/2014; · 1.36 Impact Factor