Arthroscopic treatment of popliteal cysts: clinical and magnetic resonance imaging results.
ABSTRACT This study examined the functional and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) outcomes of popliteal cysts with combined intra-articular pathologies that were treated arthroscopically by decompression and a cystectomy through an additional posteromedial cystic portal.
From January 2003 to March 2008, 31 patients were treated with a modified arthroscopic technique to decompress a popliteal cyst. The connecting valvular mechanism was found in all cases at the posteromedial compartment through the anterolateral viewing portal, and it was corrected by resecting the capsular fold through the posteromedial working portal. For cysts with multiple fibrous septa, an additional portal, the so-called posteromedial cystic portal, was used for complete cyst removal. The functional outcome was evaluated by use of the Rauschning and Lindgren knee score. All patients were evaluated by MRI, which documented the popliteal cyst and associated intra-articular lesions preoperatively and at follow-up.
All patients could return to their previous daily activities with few or no limitations, and no additional surgery was required after a mean follow-up of 36.1 months (range, 12 to 72 months). The Rauschning and Lindgren knee score showed improved clinical features at the final follow-up in 94% of patients. The follow-up MRI study showed that the cyst had disappeared in 17 knees (55%) and had reduced in size in 14 knees (45%) in the 31 patients. The mean cyst size was reduced significantly from 6.8 to 0.8 cm (P < .0001).
The described arthroscopic technique with or without an additional posteromedial cystic portal is effective for treating popliteal cysts with combined intra-articular lesions. More importantly, follow-up MRI showed that the cyst size was reduced or it had disappeared in all cases, although there was no association between the cyst's disappearance and the follow-up clinical score.
Level IV, therapeutic case series.
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Article: Baker's cyst[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Os cistos de Baker localizam-se na região posteromedial do joelho, entre o ventre medial do músculo gastrocnêmio e o tendão semimembranoso. No adulto, esses cistos estão relacionados a lesões intra-articulares, quais sejam, lesões meniscais ou artrose. Nas crianças, geralmente são achados de exame físico ou de exames de imagem, apresentando pouca relevância clínica. O exame de ultrassonografia é adequado para identificar e mensurar o cisto poplíteo. Para o tratamento, a abordagem principal deve ser relacionada ao tratamento da lesão articular. Na maioria dos casos não há necessidade de se abordar diretamente o cisto. Os cistos no joelho são, quase na sua totalidade, benignos (cistos de Baker e cistos parameniscais). Porém, a presença de alguns sinais demanda que o ortopedista suspeite da possibilidade de malignidade: sintomas desproporcionais ao tamanho do cisto, ausência de lesão articular (ex.: meniscal) que justifique a existência do cisto, topografia atípica, erosão óssea associada, tamanho superior a 5cm e invasão tecidual (cápsula articular).Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia 12/2010; 46(6):630-633.
Article: Popliteal Cysts: A Current Review.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Baker's cyst, or popliteal cyst, is a fluid-filled mass that is a distention of a preexisting bursa in the popliteal fossa, most commonly the gastrocnemio-semimembranosus bursa. This bursa is unique in that it communicates with the knee joint, unlike other periarticular bursae, via an opening in the joint capsule posterior to the medial femoral condyle. Many have theorized that this opening creates a valve-like mechanism in the presence of effusion that contributes to the formation of these cysts in adults. Popliteal cysts rarely manifest alone and are most often found in conjunction with other intra-articular pathologies and inflammatory conditions, such as osteoarthritis, meniscus tears, and rheumatoid arthritis. In children, popliteal cysts are only occasionally associated with these conditions and are more often an incidental finding discovered during a routine physical examination. Popliteal cysts may present as either a chronically persistent or relapsing condition or as an acute and dramatic condition that can occur in the case of cyst rupture presenting as pseudothrombophlebitis. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging have proven to be consistent and accurate in the confirmation of popliteal cysts, with magnetic resonance imaging becoming the modern imaging modality of choice. This review discusses the anatomy and etiology of popliteal cysts, describes the common clinical presentations, reviews the differential diagnoses, and provides guidance for proper diagnostic imaging. It also provides a comparison of current conservative, minimally invasive, and invasive treatment options, along with a discussion of results. Postoperative rehabilitation depends largely on the condition associated with the popliteal cyst.Orthopedics 08/2014; 37(8):e678-e684. · 1.05 Impact Factor
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