Neuromagnetic evidence of impaired cortical auditory processing in pediatric intractable epilepsy.
ABSTRACT We aimed to determine the changes in neural correlates of auditory information processing such as auditory detection, encoding, and sensory discrimination in pediatric patients with intractable epilepsy.
In this magnetoencephalography (MEG) study, 10 patients and 10 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were investigated with the multi-feature mismatch negativity (MMN) paradigm. Latencies and amplitudes of M100, M150, M200, and MMN event-related fields were evaluated.
All event-related fields in response to standard stimuli (M100, M150 and M200) and responses to occasional five deviant sounds, deviating from the standard stimuli either in duration, frequency, intensity, location, or by including a silent gap were reduced in amplitude in epilepsy patients compared with healthy controls.
Our study suggests that auditory information processing is impaired in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy, being evident both in stimulus feature encoding (as reflected by changes of early event-related components, e.g., M100) and in cortical sound discrimination (as reflected by MMNm). The neural changes involving diminished M100 as well as MMNms for all five deviant sound types suggest wide-spread auditory information processing impairments in these patients.
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ABSTRACT: Cognition is often affected in a variety of neuropsychiatric, neurological, and neurodevelopmental disorders. The neural discriminative response, reflected in mismatch negativity (MMN) and its magnetoencephalographic equivalent (MMNm), has been used as a tool to study a variety of disorders involving auditory cognition. MMN/MMNm is an involuntary brain response to auditory change or, more generally, to pattern regularity violation. For a number of disorders, MMN/MMNm amplitude to sound deviance has been shown to be attenuated or the peak-latency of the component prolonged compared to controls. This general finding suggests that while not serving as a specific marker to any particular disorder, MMN may be useful for understanding factors of cognition in various disorders, and has potential to serve as an indicator of risk. This review presents a brief history of the MMN, followed by a description of how MMN has been used to index auditory processing capability in a range of neuropsychiatric, neurological, and neurodevelopmental disorders. Finally, we suggest future directions for research to further enhance our understanding of the neural substrate of deviance detection that could lead to improvements in the use of MMN as a clinical tool.Brain Topography 05/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10548-014-0374-6 · 2.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this article, we review clinical research using the mismatch negativity (MMN), a change-detection response of the brain elicited even in the absence of attention or behavioural task. In these studies, the MMN was usually elicited by employing occasional frequency, duration or speech-sound changes in repetitive background stimulation while the patient was reading or watching videos. It was found that in a large number of different neuropsychiatric, neurological and neurodevelopmental disorders, as well as in normal ageing, the MMN amplitude was attenuated and peak latency prolonged. Besides indexing decreased discrimination accuracy, these effects may also reflect, depending on the specific stimulus paradigm used, decreased sensory-memory duration, abnormal perception or attention control or, most importantly, cognitive decline. In fact, MMN deficiency appears to index cognitive decline irrespective of the specific symptomatologies and aetiologies of the different disorders involved.Clinical neurophysiology: official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology 12/2011; 123(3):424-58. DOI:10.1016/j.clinph.2011.09.020 · 2.98 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Cognitive impairment is a core element shared by a large number of different neurological and neuropsychiatric diseases. Irrespective of their different aetiologies and symptomatologies, most appear to converge at the functional deficiency of the auditory-frontal cortex network of auditory discrimination, which indexes cognitive impairment shared by these abnormalities. This auditory-frontal cortical deficiency, and hence cognitive decline, can now be objectively measured with the mismatch negativity and its magnetic equivalent. The auditory-frontal cortical network involved seems, therefore, to play a pivotal, unifying role in the different abnormalities. It is, however, more likely that the dysfunction that can be detected with the mismatch negativity and its magnetoencephalographic equivalent manifests a more widespread brain disorder, namely, a deficient N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor function, shared by these abnormalities and accounting for most of the cognitive decline.Brain 05/2011; 134(Pt 12):3435-53. DOI:10.1093/brain/awr064 · 10.23 Impact Factor