Biogenesis of thylakoid networks in angiosperms: knowns and unknowns.

The Robert H. Smith Institute of Plant Sciences and Genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 76100 Rehovot, Israel.
Plant Molecular Biology (Impact Factor: 4.07). 07/2011; 76(3-5):221-34. DOI: 10.1007/s11103-010-9693-5
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Aerobic life on Earth depends on oxygenic photosynthesis. This fundamentally important process is carried out within an elaborate membranous system, called the thylakoid network. In angiosperms, thylakoid networks are constructed almost from scratch by an intricate, light-dependent process in which lipids, proteins, and small organic molecules are assembled into morphologically and functionally differentiated, three-dimensional lamellar structures. In this review, we summarize the major events that occur during this complex, largely elusive process, concentrating on those that are directly involved in network formation and potentiation and highlighting gaps in our knowledge, which, as hinted by the title, are substantial.

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