After the injury: initial evaluation of a web-based intervention for parents of injured children.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to survey parent knowledge of child injury reactions (including post-traumatic stress symptoms) and to evaluate parent satisfaction and learning outcomes following a video- or web-based intervention. Fifty parents of children ages 6-17 years who were injured within the past 2 months were recruited from emergency and inpatient settings. A repeated-measures experimental design was employed in which participants were assigned to either a web-based or video intervention. Parent knowledge was assessed pre- and post-intervention. Learning outcomes and satisfaction were evaluated post-intervention. Parents showed high levels (∼70% accuracy) of knowledge about potential psychological injury reactions at baseline and post-intervention. In addition, post-intervention parents were able to generate new positive strategies to help their child recover and became more specific about types of reactions to monitor (e.g. avoidance). Participants reported high levels of satisfaction with both web and video interventions. While parents possess high levels of basic knowledge about child recovery from injury, the Web site and video tools provided concrete guidance that was useful in enhancing parent understanding of specific traumatic stress reactions to monitor in children post-injury.
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ABSTRACT: Background: Changes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) are more regularly being monitored during the first year after injury. Monitoring changes in HRQoL using spatial cluster analysis can potentially identify concentrations of geographic areas with injury survivors with similar outcomes, thereby improving how interventions are delivered or in how outcomes are evaluated. Methods: We used a spatial scan statistic designed for oridinal data to test two different spatial cluster analysis of very low, low, high, and very high HRQoL scores. Our study was based on HRQoL scores returned by children treated for injury at British Columbia Children's Hospital and discharged to the Vancouver Metropolitan Area. Spatial clusters were assessed at 4 time periods – baseline (based on pre-injury health as reported prior to discharge from hospital), and one, four, and twelve months after discharge. Outcome data were measured used the PedsQL™ outcome scale. Outcome values of very low, low, high, and very high HRQoL scores were defined by classifying PedsQL™ scores into quartiles. In the first test, all scores were assessed for clustering without specifying whether the response score was from a baseline or follow-up response. In the second analysis, we built a space-time model to identify whether HRQoL responses could be identified at specific time points. Results: Among all participants, geographic clustering of response scores were observed globally and at specific time periods. In the purely spatial analysis, five significant clusters of 'very low' PedsQL physical and psychosocial health outcomes were identified within geographic zones ranging in size from 1 to 21 km. A space-time analysis of outcomes identified significant clusters of both 'very low' and 'low' outcomes between survey months within zones ranging in size from 3 to 5 km. Conclusion: Monitoring patient health outcomes following injury is important for planning and targeting interventions. A common theme in the literature is that future prevention efforts may benefit from identifying those most a risk of developing ongoing problems after injury in effort to target resources to those most in need. Spatial scan statistics are tools that could be applied for identifying concentrations of poor recovery outcomes. By classifying outcomes as a categorical variable, clusters of 'potentially low' outcomes can also be mapped, thereby identifying populations whose recovery status may decrease.01/2014; DOI:10.1186/s40621-014-0016-1
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ABSTRACT: Medical settings provide opportunities for secondary prevention of traumatic stress and other sequelae of pediatric injury. This pilot randomized trial evaluated the delivery and effectiveness of a targeted preventive intervention based on best practice recommendations and integrated within acute medical care. Hospitalized injured children were screened for risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Those at risk (N = 85) were randomized to the intervention (n = 46) or usual care (n = 39). The preventive intervention did not reduce PTSD or depression severity or increase health-related quality of life, compared to usual care. Both groups improved over time, but 6 months postinjury approximately 10% of each group still met criteria for PTSD, suggesting room for improvement in comprehensive pediatric injury care.Journal of Traumatic Stress 06/2011; 24(3):252-9. DOI:10.1002/jts.20640 · 2.72 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pediatric physical injury is a very common, potentially traumatic medical event that many families face each year. The role that child or parent coping behavior plays in emotional recovery from injury is not well understood. This study described coping used by children and coping assistance implemented by parents in the early aftermath of a child's injury. Ten child-parent dyads participated in individual semistructured interviews that were audiorecorded, transcribed, and coded using hierarchical coding schemes. Study findings highlight reliance on a broad range of coping strategies. Although children and parents report some similarities in their perceptions of child coping, parents do not recognize all the coping strategies that children report. This suggests potential for improvement in parent-child communication concerning coping techniques. Parents report a limited number of coping assistance strategies, indicating a niche for preventive programs. Further research should examine coping during the peritrauma period as it relates to physical and emotional outcomes to inform secondary prevention programs.Families Systems & Health 12/2011; 29(4):279-90. DOI:10.1037/a0026465 · 1.04 Impact Factor