[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this paper was to report on the first step in the development of a new instrument, the Assisting Hand Assessment (AHA), that measure the effectiveness with which a child with unilateral impairment makes use of his/her affected hand in bimanual activity performance. The assessment is intended for children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy or obstetric brachial plexus palsy, from age 18 months to 5 years. The AHA is conducted through observations of performance skills exposed during play where toys requiring bimanual handling are used. The validity and reliability of the measures were explored using a Rasch measurement model for analysis. In the AHA, 22 items consisting of observable actions are scored on a 4-point rating scale evaluating the quality of the performance. The Rasch analysis suggests that the test rationale, the usefulness of the assisting hand, does form a unidimensional construct and that the items represent the tested phenomenon well. The results show potential for the AHA to become a useful tool for both clinical practice and research.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Assisting Hand Assessment (AHA) has earlier demonstrated excellent validity and rater reliability. This study aimed to evaluate test-retest reliability of the AHA and alternate forms reliability between Small kids vs School kids AHA and the 2 board games in School kids AHA.
Test-retest and alternate forms reliability was evaluated by repeated testing with 2 weeks interval.
Fifty-five children with unilateral cerebral palsy, age range 2 years and 3 months to 11 years and 2 months.
Intraclass correlation coefficients and smallest detectable difference were calculated. Common item and common person linking plots using Rasch analysis and Bland-Altman plots were created.
Intraclass correlation coefficients for test-retest was 0.99. Alternate forms intraclass correlation coefficients were 0.99 between Small kids and School kids AHA and 0.98 between board games. Smallest detectable difference was 3.89 points (sum scores). Items in common item linking plots and persons in common person linking plots were within 95% confidence intervals, indicating equivalence across test forms.
The AHA has excellent test-retest and alternate forms reliability. A change of 4 points or more between test occasions represents a significant change. Different forms of the AHA give equivalent results.
Journal of rehabilitation medicine: official journal of the UEMS European Board of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 11/2009; 41(11):886-91. · 1.88 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a modified version of constraint-induced (CI) movement therapy on bimanual hand-use in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP; age range 18 mo to 4 y) and to make a comparison with conventional paediatric treatment. Twenty-one children (13 females, eight males) completed the CI therapy programme and 20 children (12 males, eight females) served as a control group. Children in the CI therapy group were expected to wear a restraint glove for 2 hours each day over a period of 2 months. The training was based on principles of motor learning used in play and in motivational settings. To evaluate the effect of treatment, the Assisting Hand Assessment (AHA) was used. Assessments took place on three occasions: at onset, after 2 months, and 6 months after the first assessment. A significant interaction was found between group and AHA measure (ANOVA, F(2,74) = 5.64, p = 0.005). The children who received CI therapy improved their ability to use their hemiplegic hand significantly more than the children in the control group after 2 months, i.e. after treatment. Effect size was high after treatment and remained medium at 6 months. As the treatment was tailored to each child's capacity and interests, little frustration was experienced by the children.
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