Hb St. Truiden [α68(E17)Asn→His] and Hb Westeinde [α125(H8)Leu→Gln]: two new abnormalities of the α2-globin gene.
ABSTRACT We report two new abnormal hemoglobins (Hbs) caused by mutations on the α2 gene. One resulted into an Asn→His substitution at position 68, the other in a Leu→Gln substitution at position 125. The first mutation was observed in a 61-year-old North European Belgian male during Hb A(1c) analysis and subsequently in other members of his family. The variant was expressed at a normal level and caused no hematological abnormalities in the carriers. The second was found in a 27-year-old Turkish male living in The Hague, The Netherlands, who presented with microcytic hypochromic parameters without iron deficiency and was also carrier of the common α2 IVS-I (-5 nt) deletion.