Mixed corticomedullary tumour with myelolipoma: a rare coexistence

Lok Nayak Hospital, New Dilli, NCT, India
Pathology (Impact Factor: 2.19). 10/2010; 42(6):589-91. DOI: 10.3109/00313025.2010.508741
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: To report the case of a 78-year-old woman with mixed corticomedullary carcinoma of the adrenal gland, and to review other reported lesions that exhibit clinical and/or histopathologic features of both adrenal cortical and medullary differentiation. We describe the patient's clinical findings and laboratory test results, as well as the gross and histopathologic features of her tumor. We also review the literature pertaining to mixed corticomedullary adenomas and cortical tumors with clinical features of pheochromocytoma, and vice versa. A 78-year-old woman with a 10-cm left adrenal mass was hospitalized for management of hypertensive urgency. Laboratory workup revealed elevated urinary metanephrine excretion and elevated serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate levels. She underwent left adrenalectomy. Pathologic examination of the lesion showed mixed cortical and medullary histologic characteristics, as well as gross and microscopic evidence of malignancy. Including the present case, we identified 17 cases of neoplasms that exhibit features of mixed corticomedullary differentiation. This report represents the first documented case of mixed corticomedullary carcinoma. Several benign lesions combine clinical, biochemical, and/or histopathologic evidence of both adrenal cortical and medullary differentiation, including mixed corticomedullary adenomas and corticotropin-secreting pheochromocytomas. The differential diagnosis of a lesion with mixed cortical and medullary features should also include a malignant neoplasm.
    Endocrine Practice 05/2012; 18(3):e37-42. DOI:10.4158/EP11222.CR · 2.81 Impact Factor
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    Surgery Today 02/2013; · 1.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Truly mixed corticomedullary tumors (MCMTs) are extremely rare and present as a single tumor mass composed of an intimately admixed population of both adrenal cortical cells and pheochromocytes. The current study describes the first case of a mixed corticomedullary adrenal carcinoma. In addition, we also review the published data on MCMTs to determine their clinical features, biochemical characteristics, pathological findings, and management. In order to compose this review, a search of the international literature for MCMTs was conducted. Fifteen related articles were found. The clinical and pathological information was obtained for all reported cases. MCMTs were found almost exclusively in females. In the vast majority of patients, the symptoms were related to the tumor's hormone hypersecretion. Hypertension and diabetes were present in 80 and 40 % of cases, respectively. Cushing's syndrome was reported in eight cases (53.33 %). A final diagnosis was made in all cases after surgery based on the pathological results. As of the writing of this article, all published cases of MCMTs had benign clinical behavior, with no instances of metastasis or death due to the tumor. MCMTs are currently considered to be benign tumors. Ours is the first case of malignant MCMT reported in the literature. The potential for malignancy should therefore be considered for these tumors.
    Surgery Today 02/2013; 43(11). DOI:10.1007/s00595-012-0458-4 · 1.53 Impact Factor