Article

FGFR2 intronic SNPs and breast cancer risk: associations with tumor characteristics and interactions with exogenous exposures and other known breast cancer risk factors.

Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University, Washington, DC 20057-1465, USA.
International Journal of Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.01). 08/2011; 129(3):702-12. DOI: 10.1002/ijc.25686
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Recent genome-wide association studies have revealed several new candidate genes for breast cancer, including fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) gene. The associations were also replicated in several other independent studies. The next important step is to study whether these common variants interact with known breast cancer risk factors, exogenous exposures and tumor characteristics. In a population-based case-control study of 1,170 breast cancer cases and 2,115 controls, we examined genetic associations of four intronic FGFR2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and breast tumor characteristics and assessed the potential interactions with smoking, alcohol consumption, adiposity and known breast cancer risk factors. FGFR2 variants were significantly associated with breast cancer risk regardless of estrogen and progesterone receptor status, metastasis, lymph node involvement and histologic and nuclear grade. The FGFR2-breast cancer association was modified by smoking status, with increased risk for former and current smokers compared to never smokers; former/current smokers carrying two copies of the rs1219648 minor allele were at highest risk with a crude OR (95% confidence interval) of 2.11 (1.52-2.92) compared to never smokers with no rs1219648 variant alleles. Our study found no evidence for either modification of FGFR2 and breast cancer by alcohol intake or adiposity, even when analyses were stratified by menopausal status. Although these results require further replication, they may provide new insight into the possible new exposures that may interact with FGFR2 susceptibility alleles.

1 Follower
 · 
136 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) signal through FGF receptors (FGFRs), which are a sub-family of the superfamily of receptor tyrosine kinases, to regulate human development and metabolism. Uncontrolled FGF signaling is responsible for diverse array of developmental disorders, most notably skeletal syndromes due to FGFR gain-of-function mutations. Studies in the last few years have provided significant evidence for the importance of FGF signaling in the pathogenesis of diverse cancers, including endometrial and bladder cancers. FGFs are both potent mitogenic and angiogenic factors and can contribute to carcinogenesis by stimulating cell proliferation and tumor angiogenesis. Gene knockout and pharmacological inhibition of FGFRs in in vivo and in vitro models validate FGFRs as a target for cancer treatment. Considerable efforts are being expended to develop specific, small-molecule inhibitors for treating FGFR-driven cancers. Recent reviews on the FGF/FGFR system have focused primarily on signaling, pathophysiology, and functions in cancer. In this article, we review the key roles of FGFR in cancer, provide an update on the status of clinical trials with small-molecule FGFR inhibitors, and discuss how the current structural data on FGFR kinases guide the design and characterization of new FGFR inhibitors.
    Cytokine & growth factor reviews 07/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.cytogfr.2013.05.002 · 6.54 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The rs2981582 single nucleotide polymorphism in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 gene has been consistently associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. We evaluated the effect of rs2981582 polymorphism in the FGFR2 gene on the risk of breast cancer and its interaction with non-genetic risk factors. A population-based case-control study was conducted in Mexico. Data from 687 cases and 907 controls were analyzed. The T allele of the rs2981582 polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer (ORper allele = 1.24, 95% CI 1.06-1.46). There was also an interaction between this polymorphism and alcohol consumption (p = 0.043). The effect of alcohol consumption on the risk of breast cancer varied according to the allelic variants of the rs2981582 polymorphism in the FGFR2 gene: OR = 3.97 (95% CI 2.10-7.49), OR = 2.01 (95% CI 1.23-3.29) and OR = 1.21 (95% CI 0.48-3.05) for genotypes CC, CT and TT, respectively. This is the first study exploring the association between rs2981582 polymorphism in the FGFR2 gene and breast cancer risk in Mexican women. The interaction found may be of great public health interest because alcohol consumption is a modifiable breast cancer risk factor. Therefore, replication of this finding is of foremost importance.
    Archives of medical research 09/2013; 44(6). DOI:10.1016/j.arcmed.2013.08.006 · 2.41 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Genes that alter disease risk only in combination with certain environmental exposures may not be detected in genetic association analysis. By using methods accounting for gene-environment (G × E) interaction, we aimed to identify novel genetic loci associated with breast cancer risk. Up to 34,475 cases and 34,786 controls of European ancestry from up to 23 studies in the Breast Cancer Association Consortium were included. Overall, 71,527 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), enriched for association with breast cancer, were tested for interaction with 10 environmental risk factors using three recently proposed hybrid methods and a joint test of association and interaction. Analyses were adjusted for age, study, population stratification, and confounding factors as applicable. Three SNPs in two independent loci showed statistically significant association: SNPs rs10483028 and rs2242714 in perfect linkage disequilibrium on chromosome 21 and rs12197388 in ARID1B on chromosome 6. While rs12197388 was identified using the joint test with parity and with age at menarche (P-values = 3 × 10(-07) ), the variants on chromosome 21 q22.12, which showed interaction with adult body mass index (BMI) in 8,891 postmenopausal women, were identified by all methods applied. SNP rs10483028 was associated with breast cancer in women with a BMI below 25 kg/m(2) (OR = 1.26, 95% CI 1.15-1.38) but not in women with a BMI of 30 kg/m(2) or higher (OR = 0.89, 95% CI 0.72-1.11, P for interaction = 3.2 × 10(-05) ). Our findings confirm comparable power of the recent methods for detecting G × E interaction and the utility of using G × E interaction analyses to identify new susceptibility loci.
    Genetic Epidemiology 11/2013; DOI:10.1002/gepi.21771 · 2.95 Impact Factor