Ceramic-on-Ceramic Total Hip Arthroplasty Incidence of Instability and Noise

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY10021, USA.
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (Impact Factor: 2.88). 02/2011; 469(2):437-42. DOI: 10.1007/s11999-010-1574-3
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Alternative bearing materials in THA have been developed to reduce the incidence of osteolysis. Alumina-on-alumina bearings exhibit extremely low wear rates in vitro, but concerns exist regarding component impingement with the potential for dislocation and the occurrence of noise.
We determined generation of squeaking and the relationship between squeaking and component position.
We prospectively entered 436 alumina-on-alumina, cementless, primary THAs in 364 patients into our institutional database. All procedures were performed with the same surgical technique and the same implant. We obtained Harris Hip scores and a noise questionnaire and assessed radiographic component position and loosening. We determined the difference in abduction angle between squeakers and nonsqueakers. Minimum followup was 2 years (average, 3.5 years; range, 2.0-6.2 years).
The mean Harris hip score increased from 51.9 preoperatively to 94.4 at latest followup. Six hips underwent reoperation: four hips (1.1%) for dislocation and two (0.53%) for periprosthetic fracture after trauma. The incidence of noise of any type was 11%, with the most common type of noise being clicking or snapping. Squeaking was reported by 1.9% of patients, with no patient being revised for this phenomenon. We found no association between component position and squeaking.
At average 3 years followup, 98% of ceramic-on-ceramic THAs did not require a revision, with 1.1% of hips having been revised for dislocation. Fewer than 2% of patients reported hearing an audible squeak, with no association found between component position and squeaking.
Level IV, therapeutic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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    ABSTRACT: Background and purpose - Ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC) bearings were introduced in total hip arthroplasty (THA) to reduce problems related to polyethylene wear. We compared the 9-year revision risk for cementless CoC THA and for cementless metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) THA. Patients and methods - In this prospective, population-based study from the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Registry, we identified all the primary cementless THAs that had been performed from 2002 through 2009 (n = 25,656). Of these, 1,773 THAs with CoC bearings and 9,323 THAs with MoP bearings were included in the study. To estimate the relative risk (RR) of revision, we used regression with the pseudo-value approach and treated death as a competing risk. Results - 444 revisions were identified: 4.0% for CoC THA (71 of 1,773) and 4.0% for MoP THA (373 of 9,323). No statistically significant difference in the risk of revision for any reason was found for CoC and MoP bearings after 9 years of follow-up (adjusted RR = 1.3, 95% CI: 0.72-2.4). Revision rates due to component failure were 0.5% (n = 8) for CoC bearings and 0.1% (n = 6) for MoP bearings (p < 0.001). 6 patients with CoC bearings (0.34%) underwent revision due to ceramic fracture. Interpretation - When compared to the "standard" MoP bearings, CoC THA had a 33% higher (though not statistically significantly higher) risk of revision for any reason at 9 years.
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE. To review the outcomes of 65 patients younger than 55 years who underwent uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) using third-generation ceramic-on-ceramic prostheses. METHODS. Medical records of 30 men and 35 women (80 hips) aged 18 to 55 (mean, 39) years who underwent uncemented THA using third-generation ceramic-onceramic prostheses by a single surgeon were reviewed. 61 THAs used the Reflection cup with the Synergy stem (n=49), Spectron stem (n=7), or Anthology stem (n=5), and 19 THAs used the Trident cup with the Secur-Fit stem. Outcomes were assessed based on the UCLA Activity Score and Harris Hip Score, as well as radiolucency around the implants, malposition, and subsidence on radiographs. Patients were asked about their satisfaction with current activity level (yes/no), activity limitation (no limitation, musculoskeletal limitation, psychological impediments and lack of motivation, and pain or disability of the operative hip), and change in occupational activity level (same or similar, more active, and less active or disability). RESULTS. The mean follow-up period was 54 (range, 24-110) months. Six patients were excluded from the analysis owing to prosthetic failure secondary to ceramic liner fracture after falling (n=2), acetabular component loosening (n=1), intolerable squeak (n=1), periprosthetic fracture (n=1), and instability (n=1). The mean UCLA Activity Score improved from 4.0 (range, 1-10) to 7.7 (range, 2-10) [p<0.001], and the mean Harris Hip Score improved from 52.8 (range, 25-69) to 91.0 (range, 38-100) [p<0.001]. No hip had evidence of subsidence, loosening, or osteolysis. 52 (80%) patients were satisfied with their activity level; 28 (43%) patients reported no activity limitation; and 57 (88%) patients kept the same or similar occupation. CONCLUSION. Ceramic-on-ceramic THA achieved acceptable clinical and radiographic outcomes.
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