Glossopharyngeal neuralgia treated with gamma knife radiosurgery.
ABSTRACT Although gamma knife radiosurgery is an established treatment option for trigeminal neuralgia, its role in the management of glossopharyngeal neuralgia is unclear. We report a case of glosspharyngeal neuralgia treated effectively with gamma knife radiosurgery, review the literature, and discuss the rationale supporting dose and target selection.
A 47-year-old woman presented with persistent lancinating pain to the left throat, which was refractory to medical therapy. She declined a microvascular decompression and instead chose stereotactic radiosurgery. Gamma knife radiosurgery to the glossopharyngeal nerve at the glossopharyngeal meatus was used, and a maximum dose 80 Gy was delivered. She was pain-free off medications 1 month after the procedure and remains pain-free 11 months. There were no adverse neurologic effects attributable to the procedure.
This clinical response provides encouraging evidence for the treatment of glossopharyngeal neuralgia with stereotactic radiosurgery and is consistent with previous reports. Further investigation is needed to define the role of stereotactic radiosurgery in the management of glossopharyngeal neuralgia.
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ABSTRACT: We report the first application of Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKR) for recurrent glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GN) after microvascular decompression (MVD). The patient is a 51-year-old male with left-sided GN. He underwent MVD and did well for almost 4 years. Later on, the patient started to experience recurrent intolerable throat pain, frequently 10/10 in intensity. Based on the application of radiosurgery for trigeminal neuralgia, GKR was offered to the patient. After careful identification of the nerve with the assistance of a neuroradiologist, we targeted the nerve root complex, which is the cisternal portion of the nerve, using the Coherent Oscillatory State Acquisition for the Manipulation of Image Contrast (COSMIC) pulse sequence with contiguous 1-mm slices obtained by an 1.5 Tesla MRI. The radiosurgery was planned utilizing the Leksell Gamma Plan version 8.1. A single shot with a 4-mm collimator was used to deliver 80 Gy to the 100% isodose line. Four weeks after the treatment, the patient began to notice significant pain relief. At the 12-month follow-up, the patient's pain, which was intolerable prior to radiosurgery, was mild and occasional. GKR, which is now widely used for refractory trigeminal neuralgia, can be considered for refractory or recurrent GN. With a multidisciplinary approach and advanced neuroimaging, GKR is feasible for GN after MVD, despite the shortness of the intracranial cisternal nerve portion. Further studies are necessary to establish the role of GKR for refractory GN after MVD; however, given its rarity and the lack of experience with GKR for this condition, retrospective studies with dozens of patients are almost impossible at this time.Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery 06/2012; 90(3):188-91. DOI:10.1159/000338089 · 1.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Glossopharyngeal neuralgia is a relatively rare condition characterized by severe, paroxysmal episodes of pain localized to the external ear canal, the base of the tongue, the tonsil or the area beneath the angle of the jaw. This pain is many a times confused with Trigeminal Neuralgia and mistreated. There are various diagnostic and management dilemmas which are herein addressed in this review.Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 01/2013; 16(1):1-8. DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.107662 · 0.51 Impact Factor
Article: Glossopharyngeal Neuralgia[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this review, the clinical characteristics, differentiating features from other forms of neuralgia, etiology and treatment options of glossopharyngeal neuralgia will be discussed.Current Pain and Headache Reports 07/2013; 17(7):343. DOI:10.1007/s11916-013-0343-x · 2.26 Impact Factor