Dengue virus-induced apoptosis in hepatic cells is partly mediated by Apo2 ligand/tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand.
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ABSTRACT: We carried out a study to determine if the high-neurovirulence GDVII strain of Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) and the demyelinating, low-neurovirulence BeAn strain induced apoptosis in murine astrocytes. Astrocytes, the major glial cell population of the central nervous system, were semipermissive for GDVII virus replication. Programmed cell death, demonstrated by apoptosis-specific caspase-3 protease activity, was maximal 8 h after GDVII infection at an m.o.i. of 1. Purified TMEV capsid proteins VP1, VP2, and VP3 did not induce apoptosis but antibodies to VP1 and VP2 inhibited it. Antibody inhibition of caspase-3 activity as well as flow cytometry experiments implicated TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and TNF-alpha-receptor (TNF-R) in apoptosis signaling. Conversely, TNF-alpha and the TRAIL-receptor were not upregulated. Furthermore, the number of functional TNF-alpha receptors, but not their affinity, was increased in apoptotic GDVII virus-infected astrocytes, as confirmed in binding experiments with 125I-labeled recombinant murine TNF-alpha. In vivo studies showed that most of the cells loaded with the virus when injected in the brains of SJL mice were neurons but very few showed TUNEL costaining. Conversely, many of the apoptotic cells found were also positive for GFAP staining.Virology 08/2003; 311(2):366-75. · 3.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: It has been reported that interferons (IFNs) may have antitumor activity in multiple myeloma (MM). The mechanism for their effect on MM, however, remains elusive. This study shows that IFN-alpha and -beta, but not -gamma, induce apoptosis characterized by Annexin V positivity, nuclear fragmentation and condensation, and loss of clonogenicity in 3 MM cell lines (U266, RPMI-8266, and NCI-H929), and in plasma cells from 10 patients with MM. Apo2 ligand (Apo2L, also TRAIL) induction was one of the earliest events following IFN administration in U266 cells. Treatment of these cells with TRAIL, but not with Fas agonistic antibodies, induces apoptosis. Cell death induced by IFNs and Apo2L in U266 cells was partially blocked by a dominant-negative Apo2L receptor, DR5, demonstrating the functional significance of Apo2L induction. This study shows that IFNs activate caspases and the mitochondrial-dependent apoptotic pathway, possibly mediated by Apo2L production. Thus, IFN-alpha and -beta induce cytochrome c release from mitochondria starting at 12 hours, with an amplified release seen at 48 hours. Moreover, Bid cleavage precedes the initial cytochrome c release, whereas the late, amplified cytochrome c release coincides with changes in levels of Bcl-2, Bcl-X(L), and reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential. These results link the Apo2L induction and modulation of Bcl-2 family proteins to mitochondrial dysfunction. Furthermore, IFNs and Apo2L induce cell death of CD38(+)/CD45(-/dim) plasma cells, without significant effect on nonplasma blood cells, in a caspase and Bcl-2 cleavage-dependent manner. These results warrant further clinical studies with IFNs and Apo2L in MM.Blood 11/2001; 98(7):2183-92. · 9.06 Impact Factor
Article: Liver and apoptosis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Apoptosis is an energy-requiring mechanism of cell death which is a physiological event in organ morphogenesis, clone selection of lymphoid cells and cell turnover, but also occurs in many pathological conditions. It is under genetic control, bcl-2 being the major apoptosis suppressing gene, while p53 and c-myc are apoptosis promoting genes. Other factors, such as the Fas/Fas1 system, the caspases cascade, cytokines and enzymes also play a role in determining apoptosis. The term apoptosis was introduced by Kerr to describe this type of death in ischaemic rat liver, and the same Councilman bodies are now considered an example of apoptotic death. Virus-infected hepatocytes bear Fas receptors and apoptosis is induced by binding to the Fas ligand which is expressed by activated T cells; this action is probably mediated by enzymes of the caspase family and/or by granzyme B. The Fas/Fas1 system is also involved in apoptosis occurring in chronic non suppurative destructive cholangitis, in transplant rejection and in other liver diseases, including neoplasms; in the latter Bcl-2 protein and mutations of p53 also seem to play an important role. Cytokines are also frequently involved. Toxins like alcohol probably induce apoptosis by producing active oxidants. Whether aging enhances apopstosis in liver is still controversial. Although many molecular mechanisms have been suggested to be involved the switch on/off of apoptosis is still poorly understood and will be a matter of further investigations.Italian journal of gastroenterology and hepatology 01/1997; 31(1):73-7.
Dengue virus-induced apoptosis in hepatic cells is partly mediated by Apo2 ligand/
tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand
Takehiro Matsuda, Alex Almasan, Mariko Tomita, Kazumi Tamaki, Mika Saito, Masayuki
Tadano, Hideo Yagita, Takao Ohta and Naoki Mori
Journal of General Virology (2005), 86, part 4, 1055–1065
The authors of this article would like to retract it. It contains inappropriately duplicated β-
actin RT-PCR gel images. These misrepresentations do not change the scientific conclusion
of the paper. The last author, Naoki Mori, takes full responsibility for the inappropriate
duplication and misrepresentation of the figures in this paper, states that none of the co-
authors were involved in or aware of these events, and apologizes to the readers, reviewers
and editors of Journal of General Virology for publishing these duplicated images.
NIH Public Access
J Gen Virol. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 June 19.
Published in final edited form as:
J Gen Virol. 2010 October ; 91(Pt 10): 2658. doi:10.1099/vir.0.84530-0.
NIH-PA Author Manuscript
NIH-PA Author Manuscript
NIH-PA Author Manuscript