Protocol biopsy-driven interventions after pediatric renal transplantation.
ABSTRACT The therapeutic value of protocol biopsies (PBs) in renal transplant recipients remains unclear. We performed protocol biopsies in 57 children six months after transplantation. We increased the CNI dose in patients with borderline findings. In cases of Banff grade Ia, six prednisolone IV-pulses were given and the CNI dose was increased. CNI toxicity and polyomavirus nephropathy led to a reduction in the CNI dose. GFR was compared with a control group of 51 children with no PBs transplanted in the same period. Forty-two percent of PBs had no pathological changes, 24% IF/TA. Borderline findings were detected in 11%, Banff grade Ia in 15% (CNI), toxicity in 8%, and one case showed polyomavirus nephropathy. GFR after 1.5 and 2.5 yr was similar in both groups. GFR 3.5 yr after transplantation was significantly higher in the intervention group (57 ± 17 vs. 46 ± 20). Patients treated with low-dose CNI and everolimus had a significantly lower number of pathological findings in PBs. The performance of protocol biopsies followed by a standardized treatment algorithm led to better graft function 3.5 yr after transplantation. Prospective randomized studies to confirm our findings are needed.
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ABSTRACT: Acute antibody-mediated rejection is a diagnostic challenge in renal transplantation medicine. However, it is an important diagnosis to make, since chronic antibody-mediated rejection (CAMR) is the main cause of long-term graft loss. Antibody-mediated rejection is diagnosed by detecting donor-specific antibodies (DSAs) in the blood in combination with observing typical histomorphological signs in kidney biopsy, as described in the Banff classification. Therapy is based on the removal of DSAs by administering intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIGs), plasmapheresis, or immunoadsorption. Reoccurrence of antibodies is diminished by the use of rituximab, increased immunosuppression, and in some cases additional experimental substances. A combination of these techniques has been shown to be successful in the majority of cases of acute and chronic antibody-mediated rejection. Routine DSA monitoring is warranted for early detection of antibody-mediated rejection.Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany). 05/2014;
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ABSTRACT: GPB are often performed in PRT to detect subclinical acute rejection or IF/TA. Reducing immunosuppression side effects without increasing rejection is a major concern in PRT. We report the results of GPB in children transplanted with a steroid-sparing protocol adapted to immunological risk. Children under 18 yr who received a renal transplantation between April 1, 2009 and May 31, 2012 were included. Immunosuppression consisted of an antibody induction therapy, tacrolimus, and MMF for all recipients. CSs were administered to children under five yr old, or receiving a second allograft. Twenty-eight children were included, 50% were CSs free. GPB were performed between three and six months. IF/TA was documented in seven biopsies; four of these seven children were CS free. One child, with CSs, presented a borderline rejection, and another child, steroid free, with significant inflammatory interstitial infiltrate, considered as a subclinical rejection, was treated with CSs pulses. The median eGFR was stable (74, 67.5, and 82 mL/min/1.73 m² at, respectively, seven days, three months, and one yr). Patient and graft survival were 100%. These results have to be confirmed in a larger cohort, with long-term follow-up.Pediatric Transplantation 12/2013; · 1.50 Impact Factor
- Pediatric Transplantation 06/2014; 18(4):323-4. · 1.50 Impact Factor