Shotgun proteomics of Xanthobacter autotrophicus Py2 reveals proteins specific to growth on propylene.
ABSTRACT Coenzyme M (CoM, 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate), once thought to be exclusively produced by methanogens, is now known to be the central cofactor in the metabolism of short-chain alkenes by a variety of aerobic bacteria. There is little evidence to suggest how, and under what conditions, CoM is biosynthesized by these organisms. A shotgun proteomics approach was used to investigate CoM-dependent propylene metabolism in the Gram-negative bacterium Xanthobacter autotrophicus Py2. Cells were grown on either glucose or propylene, and the soluble proteomes were analyzed. An average of 395 proteins was identified from glucose-grown replicates, with an average of 419 identified from propylene-grown replicates. A number of linear megaplasmid (pXAUT01)-encoded proteins were found to be specifically produced by growth on propylene. These included all known to be crucial to propylene metabolism, in addition to an aldehyde dehydrogenase, a DNA-binding protein, and five putative CoM biosynthetic enzymes. This work has provided fresh insight into bacterial alkene metabolism and has generated new targets for future studies in X. autotrophicus Py2 and related CoM-dependent alkene-oxidizing bacteria.