Statintherapy in the primary and the secondary prevention of ischaemic cerebrovascular diseases.

Department of Neurology, University of Pecs, School of Medicine, Pecs, Hungary.
International journal of cardiology (Impact Factor: 6.18). 04/2011; 148(2):131-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2010.08.012
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Stroke is a major public health problem. It is the third leading cause of death worldwide and results in hospital admissions, morbidity, and long-term disability. Despite the inconsistent or weak association between cholesterol and stroke, statins can reduce the incidence of stroke in high-risk populations and in patients with a stroke or transient ischaemic attack.
The aim of our study was to review the efficacy of statin therapy in both primary and secondary stroke prevention. We also reviewed the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness among different statins and we also reviewed the possible effect of treatment added to statin monotherapy.
There is evidence that statin therapy in both primary and secondary prevention significantly reduces subsequent major coronary events but only marginally reduces the risk of stroke recurrence. There is no clear evidence of beneficial effect from statins in those with previous haemorrhagic stroke and it is unclear whether statins should be started immediately post stroke or later. There is a pressing need for direct evidence, from head-to-head trials, to determine whether individual statins provide differing protection from clinically important events in stroke prevention. It is possible that combinations of lipid-lowering agents did not improve clinical outcomes more than high-dose statin monotherapy, although clinical trials are still ongoing.

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    ABSTRACT: Statin therapy is the cornerstone of anti-atherosclerotic treatment, and it considered obligatory in the secondary prevention of atherosclerotic diseases. Rosuvastatin is well-known and efficacious lipid-lowering agent. Generic drugs are more frequently used instead of its ancestors. Generic rosuvastatin forms have been approved recently to the Central European market, but their safety and efficacy have not been previously examined in cerebrovascular patient populations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 109 patients with documented ischaemic cerebrovascular events were included in our study. 20 mg generic rosuvastatin significantly decreased total cholesterol (5.47 vs. 3.88 mmol/l, p<0.01), low-density lipoprotein (3.16 vs. 1.84 mmol/l, p<0.01) and trigliceride levels (1.77 vs. 1.33 mmol/l, p<0.05, and there was a non-significant high-density lipoprotein increasing tendency (1.27 vs. 1.36 mmol/l, p = 0.08). There was also a significant decrease in high-sensitive C-reactive protein levels (3.73 vs. 2.82 mg/l, p<0.05). Overall, 30% decrease in total cholesterol, 42% decrease in low-density lipoprotein, 25% decrease in trigliceride and high-sensitive C-reactive protein and 9% increase in high-density lipoprotein levels were observed. CONCLUSIONS: The generic rosuvastatin studied by the authors proved to be safe and efficacious lipid-lowering agent. Based on these short term results, in daily practice, generic rosuvastatin treatment seems to be cost-effective for the treatment of patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease.
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