Article

Erythropoietic Response and Outcomes in Kidney Disease and Type 2 Diabetes.

Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
New England Journal of Medicine (Impact Factor: 54.42). 09/2010; 363(12):1146-55. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1005109
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Non–placebo-controlled trials of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) comparing lower and higher hemoglobin targets in patients with chronic kidney disease indicate that targeting of a lower hemoglobin range may avoid ESA-associated risks. However, target-based strategies are confounded by each patient's individual hematopoietic response.
We assessed the relationship among the initial hemoglobin response to darbepoetin alfa after two weight-based doses, the hemoglobin level achieved after 4 weeks, the subsequent darbepoetin alfa dose, and outcomes in 1872 patients with chronic kidney disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus who were not receiving dialysis. We defined a poor initial response to darbepoetin alfa (which occurred in 471 patients) as the lowest quartile of percent change in hemoglobin level (<2%) after the first two standardized doses of the drug.
Patients who had a poor initial response to darbepoetin alfa had a lower average hemoglobin level at 12 weeks and during follow-up than did patients with a better hemoglobin response (a change in hemoglobin level ranging from 2 to 15% or more) (P<0.001 for both comparisons), despite receiving higher doses of darbepoetin alfa (median dose, 232 μg vs. 167 μg; P<0.001). Patients with a poor response, as compared with those with a better response, had higher rates of the composite cardiovascular end point (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.31; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09 to 1.59) or death (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.12 to 1.78).
A poor initial hematopoietic response to darbepoetin alfa was associated with an increased subsequent risk of death or cardiovascular events as doses were escalated to meet target hemoglobin levels. Although the mechanism of this differential effect is not known, these findings raise concern about current target-based strategies for treating anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease. (Funded by Amgen; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00093015.)

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Peter Ivanovich, Feb 26, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
172 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Anemia is a common comorbidity in heart failure (HF), and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. However, it remains unclear whether anemia is merely a marker of poor prognosis or whether anemia itself confers risk. The pathogenesis of anemia in HF is multifactorial. Iron deficiency also confers risk in HF, either with or without associated anemia, and treatment of iron deficiency improves the functional status of patients with HF. An ongoing large clinical trial studying the use of darbepoetin–alfa in patients with anemia and systolic HF is expected to provide information that should improve our understanding of anemia in HF.
    Current Heart Failure Reports 09/2012; 9(4). DOI:10.1007/s11897-012-0112-x
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To analyse the impact of dosing decisions for continuous erythropoietin receptor activator (C.E.R.A.), a continuous erythropoietin receptor activator. This was a prospective, multicentre, single-arm study in haemodialysis patients receiving epoetin alfa/beta or darbepoetin alfa. After a 2-month screening phase, patients were converted to monthly C.E.R.A. using pre-filled syringes during a 5-month titration phase and a 2-month evaluation phase. Four hundred and twenty-four eligible patients were converted to C.E.R.A. Mean Hb were 11.7 ± 0.7, 11.7 ± 0.8 and 11.5 ± 0.8 g/dl during screening, titration and evaluation, respectively. C.E.R.A. starting dose was 125 μg (n = 311) or 200 μg (n = 106), with corresponding final doses of 129 ± 61 μg and 203 ± 58 μg. The mean number of C.E.R.A. dose decreases and increases were 0.9 ± 1.0 and 1.1 ± 1.0 per patient, respectively. Hb rarely exceeded 12.5 g/dl after a C.E.R.A. dose increase (< 8%) and remained ≥ 11 g/dl after a dose reduction on approximately three-quarters of occasions. Among the 53 occasions where Hb decreased ≥ 2 g/dl between two consecutive visits, the previous dose had been withheld (n = 9), concomitant blood loss, coagulopathy or infection was present (n = 13), or iron parameters were low (n = 17). There were 104 adverse events/month during screening, and 45/month during the titration/evaluation phases. Serious adverse events occurred in 18.0 and 21.0 patients/month during the screening and titration/evaluation phases, respectively. Switching haemodialysis patients from shorter-acting ESA to once-monthly C.E.R.A. using pre-filled syringes is straightforward, and Hb levels remain stable. Starting dose recommendations and dose changes correlated well with the clinical setting. Collateral factors such as infection or aggravating concomitant medical conditions should be taken into account.
    International Journal of Clinical Practice 01/2011; 65(1):64-72. DOI:10.1111/j.1742-1241.2010.02551.x · 2.54 Impact Factor
  • New England Journal of Medicine 01/2011; 364(4):384-5; author reply 385-6. DOI:10.1056/NEJMc1012157#SA3 · 54.42 Impact Factor
Show more