Late-onset congestive heart failure in a patient with a 58-year-old huge traumatic carotid-jugular fistula and pseudoaneurysm: endovascular treatment with a stent-graft.
ABSTRACT We report a case of successful stent-graft endovascular treatment of a huge traumatic carotid-jugular fistula with a pseudoaneurysm that had resulted from a bullet injury. A 77-year-old man with a pulsatile neck mass came to our hospital complaining of dyspnea and chest pain at rest; about 58 years ago, a gunshot accident had inflicted a penetrating bullet wound on the right side of his neck. Computerized tomography angiogram had demonstrated a huge vascular mass protruding into the right anterior neck with a pseudoaneurysm. The calcified pseudoaneurysm had an oval-shaped opening in the right common carotid artery, with a large base into the right internal jugular vein. Echocardiography showed deteriorating congestive heart failure, wherein left ventricular (LV) enlargement with a LV end-diastolic diameter of 6.1 cm, severe tricuspid valve regurgitation, and LV ejection fraction of 60% was seen. The surgical approach was considered risky because of the severe deformity of the native vasculature, the severe calcified pseudoaneurysm, and the context of advanced age with congestive heart failure. Thus, we decided to treat this patient with endovascular devices. Fortunately, a stent-graft was delivered successfully across the carotid-jugular fistula and immediate follow-up angiogram demonstrated a small filling defect at the base of stent-graft representing thrombus. The follow-up computerized tomography angiograms obtained 2 weeks and 4 months later further demonstrated a patent stent-graft, no evidence of thrombus progression, and no abnormal shunt flow. The patient did not experience any neurologic complications nor did he show any evidence of pulmonary embolism for 8 months.
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ABSTRACT: Traumatic arteriovenous fistulas following carotid artery injuries are rare. Treatment of carotid artery-to-jugular vein fistula requires direct closure of the fistula or occlusion of the carotid artery above and below the level of the fistula, by a surgical or endovascular approach. A 32-year-old man presented with a right-sided pulsatile neck swelling 2 days following a stab wound. Neck computed tomography demonstrated a vascular mass protruding into the anterior neck. Digital subtraction arteriography demonstrated a bilobular large internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysm just distal to its bifurcation. There was simultaneous opacification of a dilated left internal jugular vein indicating a high-flow internal carotid-internal jugular fistula. A balloon-expandable stent-graft was delivered and successfully positioned across the fistula. The arteriovenous fistula and pseudoaneurysm completely disappeared and the right internal carotid artery was well preserved. The stent-graft is a promising technology to obliterate fistulae and preserve the parent artery with relative safety.Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 09/2004; 11(6):636-9. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Embolisation of a carotid cavernous fistula by means of a detachable balloon is a well-established method for treating carotid cavernous fistulas while preserving a patent internal carotid artery. However, failure to embolise the carotid cavernous fistula may occur. Herein we describe a stent-assisted Guglielmi detachable coil embolisation that completely occludes the fistulous opening rather than fills the cavernous sinus. By applying this technique, we successfully treated a carotid cavernous fistula, without compromise of the parent internal carotid artery when the balloon technique failed.Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 02/2003; 10(1):96-8. · 1.32 Impact Factor
- Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery 01/1997; 66(12):847-9.