Role stress and personal resources in nursing: a cross-sectional study of burnout and engagement.

Faculty of Psychology, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain.
International journal of nursing studies (Impact Factor: 1.91). 04/2011; 48(4):479-89. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2010.08.004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The experience of role stress has been linked to burnout as an important job stressor, but the impact of this stressor in the context of engagement (characterized by vigor, dedication, and absorption) has not yet been sufficiently studied among nurses. Personal resources also appear to influence the process of burnout and engagement.
This study examines the influence of role stress and personal resources (optimism, hardy personality and emotional competence) in nursing on burnout and engagement dimensions.
Cross-sectional data from 508 nurses from general hospitals in Madrid (Spain) showed that both role stress and personal resources were related to burnout and engagement dimensions, although role stress was more closely related to nursing burnout, whereas personal resources were more closely related to nursing engagement. In addition, optimism as a personal resource, showed a moderator effect on exhaustion and the three dimensions of engagement.
The study provides additional support about role stress as an important predictor of burnout and engagement in nursing, even after controlling for personal resources and socio-demographic variables.

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