A reduced β-diketiminato-ligated Ni3H4 unit catalyzing H/D exchange.
ABSTRACT An investigation concerning the stepwise reduction of the β-diketiminato nickel(II) hydride dimer [LNi(μ-H)(2)NiL], 1 (L = [HC(CMeNC(6)H(3)(iPr)(2))(2)](-)), has been carried out. While the reaction with one equivalent of potassium graphite, KC(8), led to the mixed valent Ni(I)/Ni(II) complex K[LNi(μ-H)(2)NiL], 3, treatment of 1 with two equivalents of KC(8) surprisingly yielded in the trinuclear complex K(2)[LNi(μ-H)(2)Ni(μ-H)(2)NiL], 4, in good yields. The Ni(3)H(4) core contains one Ni(II) and two Ni(I) centers, which are antiferromagnetically coupled so that a singlet ground state results. 4 represents the first structurally characterized molecular compound with three nickel atoms bridged by hydride ligands, and it shows a very interesting chemical behavior: Single-electron oxidation yields in the Ni(II)(2)Ni(I) compound K[LNi(μ-H)(2)Ni(μ-H)(2)NiL], 5, and treatment with CO leads to the elimination of H(2) with formation of the carbonyl complex K(2)[LNi(CO)](2), 6. Beyond that, it could be shown that 4 undergoes H/D exchange with deuterated solvents and the deuteride-compound 4-D(4) reacts with H(2) to give back 4. The crystal structures of the novel compounds 3-6 have been determined, and their electronic structures have been investigated by EPR and NMR spectroscopy, magnetic measurements, and DFT calculations.
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ABSTRACT: The mechanism for H(2) cleavage in NiFe-hydrogenase has been reinvestigated with large models using both hybrid DFT by itself, or in a QM/MM scheme following the ONIOM approach. Heterolytic cleavage, with one hydrogen ending up as a bridging hydride and one as a proton on a cysteine ligand, was found to have a barrier slightly too high to be compatible with measured catalytic turnover rates. Alternative mechanisms were therefore investigated. In the finally suggested mechanism, heterolytic cleavage is used only as an initial step to generate a complex with nickel in oxidation state Ni(I). In the following cycles, H(2) is instead cleaved on nickel using an oxidative addition mechanism with a lower barrier. It was found that the ONIOM results for the reaction mechanism in NiFe-hydrogenase needed to be corrected by large model DFT results to be more reliable. This was mainly an effect of overestimation of polarization effects of the QM region by the MM region due to the particular treatment of the electrostatic interactions and the use of a standard (nonpolarizable) force field.Biochemistry 02/2009; 48(5):1056-66. · 3.38 Impact Factor