HELLP syndrome with and without eclampsia.
ABSTRACT We assessed pregnancy outcomes for patients with HELLP syndrome (hemolysis; elevated liver enzymes; low platelet count) with and without concurrent eclampsia. We performed a retrospective investigation of data spanning three decades of patients with class 1 or 2 HELLP syndrome with concurrent eclampsia (HELLP + E) and patients with HELLP syndrome without eclampsia. Data were analyzed by appropriate tests for continuous or categorical outcomes with differences considered significant if P < 0.05. During 1981 to 1996 and 2000 to 2006, there were 693 patients with class 1 or 2 HELLP syndrome; altogether, 70 patients had HELLP + E. The only demographic difference was greater nulliparity in HELLP + E patients. Otherwise, inconsistent and clinically insignificant differences were observed between groups. Despite the relatively large size of the study groups, we were unable to detect a significant worsening of maternal or perinatal outcome in HELLP + E patients compared with HELLP patients. In our experience, eclampsia does not appear to contribute a significant adverse impact upon the course or outcome of HELLP syndrome pregnancies.