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Diferencias de género y edad en respuestas cognitivas, psicofisiológicas y motoras de ansiedad social en la adolescencia

Psicothema, ISSN 0214-9915, Vol. 22, Nº. 3, 2010, pags. 376-381
Source: OAI

ABSTRACT El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar las diferencias de género y edad en ansiedad social en la adolescencia a través de los factores que componen la subescala de Fobia Social del Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory (SPAI): Interacciones Sociales, Foco de Atención, Respuestas Cognitivas/Psicofisiológicas y Conductas de Evitación y Escape. La muestra se compuso de estudiantes de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria (E.S.O.) de 12 a 17 años. Los resultados se presentan para la muestra general (N= 2.543) y para una muestra de adolescentes clasificados como grupo de alta ansiedad social (n= 317). En la muestra general, las chicas presentaron puntuaciones más altas en la subescala de Fobia Social y en todos sus factores, excepto en Evitación y Escape (d= 0,32 � 0,35). El análisis de las puntuaciones factoriales en la muestra de alta ansiedad reveló que los chicos evitan y escapan de las situaciones sociales significativamente más que las chicas (d= 0,23). No se hallaron diferencias de edad en ninguno de los factores para ninguna de las dos muestras.

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    • "Sin embargo, apenas hay estudios en los que se evalúe el nivel de ansiedad de pacientes con TCA. Además, los pocos que hay suelen evaluar el rasgo de ansiedad con una única escala (rasgo general), ignorando otras facetas de la ansiedad, como los tres sistemas de respuesta o los diferentes tipos de situaciones en las que puede tener lugar la ansiedad (Cano-Vindel y Miguel-Tobal, 1999; Inglés et al., 2010). Enmarcado en la primera línea de investigación, Becker, Deviva y Zayfert (2004), han estudiado a 257 mujeres con trastorno de ansiedad, encontrando síntomas asociados a los TCA con el Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q; Fairburn y Beglin, 1994). "
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    ABSTRACT: Cited By (since 1996): 1, Export Date: 23 July 2012, Source: Scopus, Language of Original Document: English; Spanish, Correspondence Address: Piqueras, J. A.; Departamento de Psicología de la Salud, Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche, Edificio Altamira. Avda. de la Universidad, s/n, 03202 Elche, Alicante, Spain; email: jpiqueras@umh.es, References: (2000) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (text revision), , American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC: Author;
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