Management of giant sialoliths: review of the literature and preliminary experience with interventional sialendoscopy.
ABSTRACT To report our experience with management of giant salivary stones via a combined approach technique using salivary endoscopy (CA) and results of a review of current literature related to giant salivary stones.
Retrospective case series.
An institutional review board-approved chart review was performed on patients managed with a CA to treat giant salivary stones (≥15 mm). In addition, we reviewed the English literature from 1942 to 2009.
Table 1 consists of 54 stones; 47 of which were identified during the review of literature and 7 from our case series. Of those 47 stones, 23 were hilar in location, 23 were glandular in location, and 1 stone was missing data. The gland preservation rate in the 47 reported stones was 57% (17/30). Among patients where gland resection was reported, the majority of the patients (12/13) had hilar glandular stones. Only one patient with a ductal stone had a gland resection. In our series, CA enabled a gland preservation rate of 86% (6/7). Among these patients, stone location was hilar glandular in six (86%) and ductal in one (14%). The mean size of stones from the literature review was 35 mm and from our series was 19 mm.
Our review reflects current treatment recommendations for giant stones, i.e., transoral sialolithotomy for ductal stones and gland resection for hilar glandular stones. Our preliminary experience with CA for giant stones suggests improved gland preservation rates (86% vs. 57%) independent of stone location and with preservation of salivary function.
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ABSTRACT: To review our preliminary experience with diagnostic and therapeutic sialendoscopy for the management of non-neoplastic disorders of the salivary gland. Retrospective chart review. Thirty-three consecutive patients undergoing 36 sialendoscopy procedures performed at a tertiary medical center from July 2008 to July 2010 were included. The mean age of presentation was 43 years (range, 7-74 years), and 61% of patients were male. Indications included sialolithiasis (47%; 17 of 36), recurrent sialadenitis (44%, 16 of 36), and Sjögren's syndrome (8%; three of 36). Successful endoscopy was performed in 97% (35 of 36). A papillotomy for access was necessary in 25% (nine of 36). In patients with sialolithiasis (n = 17), the mean size of the stones was 7.3 mm (range, 1-20 mm). Complete stone removal was achieved in 76% (13 of 17) of cases. Endoscopic stone removal was possible in 29% (five of 17), and a combined approach technique was required in 47% (eight of 17). Seventy-two percent (26 of 36) of patients had complete resolution of symptoms after sialendoscopy, with 19% (seven of 36) having partial resolution of symptoms. Patients with partial improvement of symptoms had a mean duration of improvement of 4.7 months. The overall complication rate was 22% (eight of 36). The major and minor complication rates were 3% (one of 36) and 19% (seven of 36), respectively. Sialendoscopy is safe and effective in managing non-neoplastic salivary gland disorders with low rates of major complications. Knowledge of options to navigate the rate-limiting steps, like dilation of the papilla and careful case selection, are key to successful outcomes.The Laryngoscope 02/2011; 121(2):299-303. · 1.98 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Sialolithasis is the most common salivary gland disease. A case of an unusually large sialolith arising in the submandibular gland is presented, along with a review of the management of giant salivary gland calculi.Journal of surgical case reports. 01/2012; 2012(9):6.
Article: Pediatric Sialadenitis[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Sialadenitis in the pediatric population accounts for up to 10% of all salivary gland disease. Viral parotitis and juvenile recurrent parotitis are the two most common causes. Multiple factors, independently or in combination, can result in acute, chronic, or recurrent acute salivary gland inflammation. Sialendoscopy has emerged as the leading diagnostic technique and intervention for pediatric sialadenitis. Sialendoscopy is a safe and effective gland-preserving treatment of pediatric sialadenitis. Investigational studies are needed to address the impact of steroid instillation, postoperative stenting, and long-term outcomes of pediatric sialendoscopy. This article presents a comprehensive review of pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of pediatric sialadenitis.Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America 01/2014; · 1.46 Impact Factor