[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A concise second-generation total synthesis of the fungal-derived alkaloid (+)-gliocladin C (11) in 10 steps and 11% overall yield from isatin is reported. In addition, the epipolythiodioxopiperazine (ETP) natural product (+)-gliocladine C (6) has been prepared in six steps and 29% yield from the di-(tert-butoxycarbonyl) precursor of 11. The total synthesis of 6 constitutes the first total synthesis of an ETP natural product containing a hydroxyl substituent adjacent to a quaternary carbon stereocenter in the pyrrolidine ring.
Journal of the American Chemical Society 05/2011; 133(17):6549-52. DOI:10.1021/ja201789v · 12.11 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The first total synthesis of (+)-gliocladin B is described. Our concise and enantioselective synthesis takes advantage of a new regioselective Friedel-Crafts-based strategy to provide an efficient multigram-scale access to the C3-(3'-indolyl)hexahydropyrroloindole substructure, a molecular foundation present in a significant subset of epipolythiodiketopiperazine natural alkaloids. Our first-generation solution to (+)-gliocladin B involved the stereoselective formation of (+)-12-deoxybionectin A, a plausible biosynthetic precursor. Our synthesis clarified the C15 stereochemistry of (+)-gliocladin B and allowed its full structure confirmation. Further studies of a versatile dihydroxylated diketopiperazine provided a concise and efficient synthesis of (+)-gliocladin B as well as access to (+)-gliocladin C.
Chemical Science 06/2012; 3(6):1798-1803. DOI:10.1039/C2SC20270K · 9.21 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bioactivity-directed fractionation of the organic extracts of two filamentous fungi of the Bionectriaceae, strains MSX 64546 and MSX 59553 from the Mycosynthetix library, led to the isolation of a new dimeric epipolythiodioxopiperazine alkaloid, verticillin H (1), along with six related analogs, Sch 52900 (2), verticillin A (3), gliocladicillin C (4), Sch 52901 (5), 11'-deoxyverticillin A (6) and gliocladicillin A (7). The structures of compounds 1-7 were determined by extensive NMR and HRMS analyses, as well as by comparisons to the literature. All compounds (1-7) were evaluated for cytotoxicity against a panel of human cancer cell lines, displaying IC(50) values ranging from 1.2 μM to 10 nM. Compounds 1-5 were examined for activity in the NF-κB assay, where compounds 2 and 3 revealed activity in the sub-micromolar range. Additionally, compounds 1, 3 and 4 were tested for EGFR inhibition using an enzymatic assay, while compound 3 was examined against an overexpressing EGFR(+ve) cancer cell line.The Journal of Antibiotics advance online publication, 12 September 2012; doi:10.1038/ja.2012.69.
The Journal of Antibiotics 09/2012; 65(11). DOI:10.1038/ja.2012.69 · 1.73 Impact Factor
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