Article

Dosimetric evaluation of a MOSFET detector for clinical application in photon therapy.

Particle Therapy Division, Research Center for Innovative Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital East, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba, Japan.
Radiological Physics and Technology 01/2008; 1(1):55-61. DOI: 10.1007/s12194-007-0007-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Dosimetric characteristics of a metal oxide-silicon semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) detector are studied with megavoltage photon beams for patient dose verification. The major advantages of this detector are its size, which makes it a point dosimeter, and its ease of use. In order to use the MOSFET detector for dose verification of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and in-vivo dosimetry for radiation therapy, we need to evaluate the dosimetric properties of the MOSFET detector. Therefore, we investigated the reproducibility, dose-rate effect, accumulated-dose effect, angular dependence, and accuracy in tissue-maximum ratio measurements. Then, as it takes about 20 min in actual IMRT for the patient, we evaluated fading effect of MOSFET response. When the MOSFETs were read-out 20 min after irradiation, we observed a fading effect of 0.9% with 0.9% standard error of the mean. Further, we applied the MOSFET to the measurement of small field total scatter factor. The MOSFET for dose measurements of small field sizes was better than the reference pinpoint chamber with vertical direction. In conclusion, we assessed the accuracy, reliability, and usefulness of the MOSFET detector in clinical applications such as pinpoint absolute dosimetry for small fields.

0 Followers
 · 
97 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nowadays MOSFET dosimeters are widely used for dose verification in radiotherapy procedures. Although their sensitive area satisfies size requirements for small field dosimetry, their use in radiosurgery has rarely been reported. The aim of this study is to propose and optimize a calibration method to perform surface measurements in 6 MV shaped-beam radiosurgery for field sizes down to 18 × 18 mm(2). The effect of different parameters such as recovery time between 2 readings, batch uniformity and build-up cap attenuation was studied. Batch uniformity was found to be within 2% and isocenter dose attenuation due to the build-up cap over the MOSFET was near 2% irrespective of field size. Two sets of sensitivity coefficients (SC) were determined for TN-502RD MOSFET dosimeters using experimental and calculated calibration; the latter being developed using an inverse square law model. Validation measurements were performed on a realistic head phantom in irregular fields. MOSFET dose values obtained by applying either measured or calculated SC were compared. For calibration, optimal results were obtained for an inter-measurement time lapse of 5 min. We also found that fitting the SC values with the inverse square law reduced the number of measurements required for calibration. The study demonstrated that combining inverse square law and Sterling-Worthley formula resulted in an underestimation of up to 4% of the dose measured by MOSFETs for complex beam geometries. With the inverse square law, it is possible to reduce the number of measurements required for calibration for multiple field-SSD combinations. Our results suggested that MOSFETs are suitable sensors for dosimetry when used at the surface in shaped-beam radiosurgery down to 18 × 18 mm(2).
    Physica Medica 04/2013; 30(1). DOI:10.1016/j.ejmp.2013.03.005 · 1.85 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Radiation therapy in patients is planned by using computed tomography (CT) images acquired before start of the treatment course. Here, tumor shrinkage or weight loss or both, which are common during the treatment course for patients with head-and-neck (H&N) cancer, causes unexpected differences from the plan, as well as dose uncertainty with the daily positional error of patients. For accurate clinical evaluation, it is essential to identify these anatomical changes and daily positional errors, as well as consequent dosimetric changes. To evaluate the actual delivered dose, the authors proposed direct dose measurement and dose calculation with mega-voltage cone-beam CT (MVCBCT). The purpose of the present study was to experimentally evaluate dose calculation by MVCBCT. Furthermore, actual delivered dose was evaluated directly with accurate phantom setup. Because MVCBCT has CT-number variation, even when the analyzed object has a uniform density, a specific and simple CT-number correction method was developed and applied for the H&N site of a RANDO phantom. Dose distributions were calculated with the corrected MVCBCT images of a cylindrical polymethyl methacrylate phantom. Treatment processes from planning to beam delivery were performed for the H&N site of the RANDO phantom. The image-guided radiation therapy procedure was utilized for the phantom setup to improve measurement reliability. The calculated dose in the RANDO phantom was compared to the measured dose obtained by metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor detectors. In the polymethyl methacrylate phantom, the calculated and measured doses agreed within about +3%. In the RANDO phantom, the dose difference was less than +5%. The calculated dose based on simulation-CT agreed with the measured dose within±3%, even in the region with a high dose gradient. The actual delivered dose was successfully determined by dose calculation with MVCBCT, and the point dose measurement with the image-guided radiation therapy procedure.
    Medical dosimetry: official journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists 12/2012; 38(2). DOI:10.1016/j.meddos.2012.10.005 · 0.95 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have developed a practical dose verification method for radiotherapy treatment planning systems by using only a Farmer ionization chamber in inhomogeneous phantoms. In particular, we compared experimental dose verifications of multi-layer phantom geometries and laterally inhomogeneous phantom geometries for homogeneous and inhomogenous dose calculations by using the fast-Fourier-transform convolution, fast-superposition, and superposition in the XiO radiotherapy treatment-planning system. We applied the dose verification method to three kernel-based algorithms in various phantom geometries with water-, lung- and bone-equivalent media of different field sizes. These calculations were then compared with experimental measurements by use of the Farmer ionization chamber. The fast-Fourier-transform convolution algorithm overestimated the dose by about 8% in the lung phantom geometry. The superposition algorithm and the fast-superposition algorithm were both accurate to better than 2% when compared to the measurements even for complex geometries. Our dose verification method was able to clarify the differences and equivalences of the three kernel-based algorithms and measurements with use only of commonly available apparatus. This will be generally useful in commissioning of inhomogeneity-correction algorithms in the clinical practice of treatment planning.
    Radiological Physics and Technology 01/2009; 2(1):87-96. DOI:10.1007/s12194-008-0049-7

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
0 Downloads
Available from
Mar 19, 2015